IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/hhs/umnees/0632.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Productivity convergence across industries and regions in Norway and Sweden

Author

Listed:
  • Östbye, Stein

    () (Department of Economics, University of Tromso, N-9037 Tromso, Norway)

  • Westerlund, Olle

    () (Department of Economics, Umeå University)

Abstract

Several authors have asked why the differences in output per worker between countries are so large and hypothesized that differences in social infrastructure provide an answer. However, differences in output per worker also vary considerably when comparing spatial units at lower levels of resolution, without substantial variation in the social infrastructure. The purpose of this paper is to discuss possible reasons for regional differences based on data for the Scandinavian Peninsula at a spatial resolution almost equivalent to the European NUTS3. Since Norway and Sweden are considered to be particularly egalitarian and homogeneous societies, differences in broad measures of social infrastructure can hardly be invoked as substantially important determinants of productive performance. Instead, we investigate the role played by industrial structure. We find strong productivity convergence between Norwegian regions and weak divergence between Swedish ones. For Norway, there is convergence in primary production, manufacturing and services. For Sweden, there is divergence, except in the primary sector. The effect of the industry structure on the spatial distribution of productivity appears to be small in magnitude, but is qualitatively important at least for one time period. The data cover 5-year intervals from 1980 to 2000 for Norway and from 1985 to 2000 for Sweden.

Suggested Citation

  • Östbye, Stein & Westerlund, Olle, 2004. "Productivity convergence across industries and regions in Norway and Sweden," Umeå Economic Studies 632, Umeå University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:umnees:0632
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.econ.umu.se/DownloadAsset.action?contentId=62051&languageId=3&assetKey=ues632
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Robert J. Barro, 1991. "Economic Growth in a Cross Section of Countries," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 106(2), pages 407-443.
    2. Stein Ostbye & Olle Westerlund, 2003. "Comparing home-grown fruits: productivity convergence across industries and regions," ERSA conference papers ersa03p483, European Regional Science Association.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Evert Meijers & Krister Sandberg, 2006. "Polycentric Development to Combat Regional Disparities? the Relation Between Polycentricity and Regional Disparities in European Countries," ERSA conference papers ersa06p287, European Regional Science Association.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    growth; productivity convergence; comparative study; European regions;

    JEL classification:

    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:hhs:umnees:0632. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (David Skog). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/inumuse.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.