The optimal legal retirement age in an OLG model with endogenous labour supply
The long run welfare implications of the legal retirement age are studied in a perfect foresight overlapping-generations model where agents live for two periods. Agents’ lifetime is divided between working life and retirement by a legal retirement age controlled by the government whereas agents, besides savings, control the intensive margin or "yearly" labour supply. The legal retirement age is utilized to dampen distortionary effects of payroll taxes and public pension annuities and promote capital accumulation. We show that a social optimal legal retirement age exists and how it depends on whether payroll taxes or benefit annuities ensures budget balance of the PAYG pension system.
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