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An empirically based implementation and evaluation of a network model for commuting flows

Author

Listed:
  • Gitlesen, Jens Petter

    () (University of Stavanger)

  • Kleppe, Gisle

    () (Stord/Haugesund University College (HSH))

  • Thorsen, Inge

    () (Stord/Haugesund University College (HSH))

  • Ubøe, Jan

    () (Dept. of Finance and Management Science, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration)

Abstract

In this paper we present empirical results based on a network model for commuting flows. The model is a modified version of a construction introduced in Thorsen et al. (1999). Journeys-to-work are determined by distance deterrence effects, the effects of intervening opportunities, and the location of potential destinations relative to alternatives at subsequent steps in the transportation network. Calibration is based on commuting data from a region in Western Norway. Estimated parameter values are reasonable, and the explanatory power is found to be very satisfying compared to results from a competing destinations approach. We also provide theoretical arguments in favor of a network approach to represent spatial structure characteristics.

Suggested Citation

  • Gitlesen, Jens Petter & Kleppe, Gisle & Thorsen, Inge & Ubøe, Jan, 2006. "An empirically based implementation and evaluation of a network model for commuting flows," Discussion Papers 2006/4, Norwegian School of Economics, Department of Business and Management Science.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:nhhfms:2006_004
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11250/163606
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. A S Fotheringham, 1986. "Modelling Hierarchical Destination Choice," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 18(3), pages 401-418, March.
    2. Liaw, Kao-Lee & Ledent, Jacques, 1987. "Nested logit model and maximum quasi-likelihood method : A flexible methodology for analyzing interregional migration patterns," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 67-88, February.
    3. Jan Ubøe, 2004. "Aggregation of gravity models for journeys to work," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 36(4), pages 715-729, April.
    4. A S Fotheringham, 1986. "Modelling hierarchical destination choice," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 18(3), pages 401-418, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Jörnsten, Kurt & Kleppe, Gisle & Thorsen, Inge & Ubøe, Jan, 2007. "Modeling Heterogeneity in Trip-distributions with Partial Information," Discussion Papers 2007/23, Norwegian School of Economics, Department of Business and Management Science.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Journeys-to-work; transportation network; network approach; spatial structure characteristics;

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection

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