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Demand for Water and Sanitation in Bangladesh


  • Hindman Persson, Therése

    () (ECON Analysis)


Bangladesh is one of the poorest countries in the world with water and sanitation associated diseases the major cause of mortality and morbidity.The present study analyses household choice of toilet facility and drinking water source respectively for a sample of households in Bangladesh using a mixed logit model. In the case of toilet facilities,the results reveal that there are choice specific characteristics that significantly affect household choice and the educational level of thehousehold is an important determinant of household demand. In the caseof drinking water source, the results imply that there are no choice specific characteristics that affect household demand which is contraryto what was expected. In addition, household size and education had significant effects which was in line with the a priori expectations although the effect of education was negative. When comparing the present study to earlier studies the results indicate that there might be a pattern of demand for water and sanitation related inputs that is consistent across countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Hindman Persson, Therése, 2001. "Demand for Water and Sanitation in Bangladesh," Working Papers 2001:3, Lund University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:lunewp:2001_003

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Viton, Philip A., 1985. "On the interpretation of income variables in discrete-choice models," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 203-206.
    2. William H. Dow, 1999. "Flexible Discrete Choice Demand Models Consistent With Utility Maximization: An Application to Health Care Demand," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 81(3), pages 680-685.
    3. Daniel McFadden, 1977. "Modelling the Choice of Residential Location," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 477, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    4. Hindman Persson, Therése, 2000. "Welfare Calculations in Models of the Demand for Sanitation," Working Papers 2000:12, Lund University, Department of Economics, revised 26 Jan 2001.
    5. Herriges, Joseph A. & Kling, Catherine L. & Phaneuf, Daniel J., 1999. "Corner Solution Models of Recreation Demand: A Comparison of Competing Frameworks," Staff General Research Papers Archive 1513, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
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    More about this item


    Bangladesh; Water and Sanitation; Household Demand; Mixed Logit;

    JEL classification:

    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities
    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • Q25 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Water


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