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Education and completed fertility in Norway

Author

Listed:
  • Naz, Ghazala

    () (University of Bergen, Department of Economics)

  • Nilsen, Øivind Anti

    () (University of Bergen, Department of Economics)

  • Vagstad, Steinar

    () (University of Bergen, Department of Economics)

Abstract

Using Norwegian data we find that married women’s education is positively associated with completed fertility, but this relationship becomes insignificant after controlling for husbands’ characteristics. Husbands’ education has a positive effect on women’s fertility. These findings suggest that the effect of education on married women’s fertility goes through assortative mating. For unmarried women, in contrast, we find that the relationship between education and fertility is negative. This latter result is consistent with a hypothesis suggesting that unmarried women suffer a more detrimental impact of motherhood on their careers than do married women..

Suggested Citation

  • Naz, Ghazala & Nilsen, Øivind Anti & Vagstad, Steinar, 2002. "Education and completed fertility in Norway," Working Papers in Economics 18/02, University of Bergen, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:bergec:2002_018
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    File URL: http://www.uib.no/filearchive/18-02.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Francisco Covas & J.M.C. Santos Silva, 2000. "A modified hurdle model for completed fertility," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 13(2), pages 173-188.
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    Cited by:

    1. Mette Gerster & Niels Keiding & Lisbeth B. Knudsen & Katrine Strandberg-Larsen, 2007. "Education and second birth rates in Denmark 1981-1994," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 17(8), pages 181-210, November.
    2. Simon, Curtis J. & Tamura, Robert, 2009. "Do higher rents discourage fertility? Evidence from U.S. cities, 1940-2000," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 33-42, January.
    3. Siv Gustafsson & Seble Worku, 2005. "Assortative Mating by Education and Postponement of Couple Formation and First Birth in Britain and Sweden," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 3(1), pages 91-113, November.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fertility; Education; Spouse Characteristics;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination

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