The Declining Labor Share of Income
We use two distinct panel datasets to extract and examine data on the labor share of output. From the first, we examine trends in the economy-wide labor share and from the second, we examine trends in the labor share of the manufacturing sector over the last three decades. Both datasets show that labor shares have decreased, starting from about 1980, in most regions of the world. This finding is robust to adjustments for self-employment as well as adjustments for unbalanced panel structure. Furthermore, we present evidence that as a first approximation, this decrease is driven by declines in intra sector labor shares as opposed to movements in activity towards sectors with lower labor shares.
|Date of creation:||Nov 2010|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||Published as background research for the 2010 Human Development Report.|
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- Branko Milanovic, 2006.
"Global Income Inequality: What It Is And Why It Matters?,"
26, United Nations, Department of Economics and Social Affairs.
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- Luis F. Lopez-Calva & Nora Lustig, 2009. "The recent decline of inequality in Latin America: Argentina, Brazil, Mexico and Peru," Working Papers 140, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
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