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Compétition entre fonds et prise de risque excessive : une application empirique au cas français

  • Raphaëlle Bellando

    ()

    (LEO - Laboratoire d'économie d'Orleans - CNRS : UMR6221 - Université d'Orléans)

  • Sébastien Ringuedé

    ()

    (LEO - Laboratoire d'économie d'Orleans - CNRS : UMR6221 - Université d'Orléans)

La théorie du tournoi a été appliquée au domaine de la gestion déléguée de portefeuille pour rendre compte de la compétition que se mènent les fonds de placement afin d'attirer les investisseurs et des prises de risque spécifiques qui pourraient en résulter. Dans cet article, nous évaluons ce phénomène dans le cas français, pour les OPCVM orientés actions françaises sur la période 1999-2004. Nous montrons que les fonds les plus performants au cours des trois premiers trimestres d'une année ont un comportement de prise de risque en fin d'année dépendant de la conjoncture des marchés financiers. Lorsque les marchés sont en phase de hausse, ils augmentent sensiblement le risque systématique de leur portefeuille en fin d'année, en particulier en introduisant dans celui-ci des titres plus risqués. En période de baisse au contraire, les fonds les plus performants n'augmentent pas leur risque systématique.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number halshs-00451027.

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Date of creation: 2009
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00451027
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  1. William N. Goetzmann & Nadav Peles, 1997. "Cognitive Dissonance And Mutual Fund Investors," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association;Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 20(2), pages 145-158, 06.
  2. Raphaëlle BELLANDO & Sébastien RINGUEDE, 2007. "Compétition entre fonds et prise de risque excessive : une application empirique au cas des OPCVM actions de droit français," Working Papers 329, Orleans Economic Laboratorys, University of Orleans.
  3. Chevalier, J. & Ellison, G., 1996. "Risk Taking by Mutual Funds as a Response to Incentives," Working papers 96-3, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
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  9. Goriaev, A.P. & Palomino, F.A. & Prat, A., 2000. "Mutual Fund Tournament : Risk Taking Incentives Induced by Ranking Objectives," Discussion Paper 2000-94, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  10. Brown, Keith C & Harlow, W V & Starks, Laura T, 1996. " Of Tournaments and Temptations: An Analysis of Managerial Incentives in the Mutual Fund Industry," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 51(1), pages 85-110, March.
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  13. Ippolito, Richard A, 1992. "Consumer Reaction to Measures of Poor Quality: Evidence from the Mutual Fund Industry," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 35(1), pages 45-70, April.
  14. Stephen A. Ross, 2004. "Compensation, Incentives, and the Duality of Risk Aversion and Riskiness," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 59(1), pages 207-225, 02.
  15. Raphaëlle Bellando, 2008. "Le conflit d'agence dans la gestion déléguée de portefeuille : une revue de littérature," Revue d'économie politique, Dalloz, vol. 118(3), pages 317-339.
  16. Raphaëlle Bellando & Sébastien Ringuedé, 2009. "Compétition entre fonds et prise de risque excessive : une application empirique au cas français," Working Papers halshs-00451027, HAL.
  17. Edwin J. Elton & Martin J. Gruber & Christopher R. Blake, 2003. "Incentive Fees and Mutual Funds," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 58(2), pages 779-804, 04.
  18. Karceski, Jason, 2002. "Returns-Chasing Behavior, Mutual Funds, and Beta's Death," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 37(04), pages 559-594, December.
  19. Jennifer Carpenter, 1999. "Does Option Compensation Increase Managerial Risk Appetite?," New York University, Leonard N. Stern School Finance Department Working Paper Seires 99-076, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business-.
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