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Trading fees and efficiency in limit order markets

Listed author(s):
  • Thierry Foucault

    ()

    (GREGH - Groupement de Recherche et d'Etudes en Gestion à HEC - HEC Paris - Ecole des Hautes Etudes Commerciales - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Jean-Edouard Colliard

We study competition between a dealer (OTC) market and a limit order market. In the limit order market, investors can choose to be "makers" (post limit orders) or "takers" (hit limit orders) whereas in the dealer market they must trade at dealers' quotes. Moreover, in the limit order market, investors pay a trading fee to the operator of this market ("the matchmaker"). We show that an increase in the matchmaker's trading fee can raise investors' ex-ante expected welfare. Actually, it induces makers to post more aggressive offers and thereby it raises the likelihood of a direct trade between investors. For this reason as well, a reduction in the matchmaker's trading fee can counter-intuitively raise the OTC market share. However, entry of a new matchmaker results in an improvement in investors' welfare, despite its negative effect on trading fees. The model has testable implications for the effects of a change in trading fees and their breakdown between makers and takers on various measures of market liquidity.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number hal-00722602.

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Date of creation: 02 Aug 2012
Publication status: Published in 2012
Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00722602
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-hec.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00722602
Contact details of provider: Web page: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/

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  1. Cantillon, Estelle & Yin, Pai-Ling, 2011. "Competition between exchanges: A research agenda," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 329-336, May.
  2. Burton Hollifield & Robert A. Miller & Patrik Sandås & Joshua Slive, 2006. "Estimating the Gains from Trade in Limit-Order Markets," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 61(6), pages 2753-2804, December.
  3. Gehrig, Thomas, 1993. "Intermediation in Search Markets," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 2(1), pages 97-120, Spring.
  4. Thierry Foucault & Ohad Kadan & Eugene Kandel, 2013. "Liquidity Cycles and Make/Take Fees in Electronic Markets," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 68(1), pages 299-341, 02.
  5. Cantillon, Estelle & Yin, Pai-Ling, 2008. "Competition between Exchanges: Lessons from the Battle of the Bund," CEPR Discussion Papers 6923, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  6. Thierry Foucault & Albert J. Menkveld, 2008. "Competition for Order Flow and Smart Order Routing Systems," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 63(1), pages 119-158, 02.
  7. Katya Malinova & Andreas Park, 2015. "Subsidizing Liquidity: The Impact of Make/Take Fees on Market Quality," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 70(2), pages 509-536, 04.
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