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Subsidizing Liquidity: The Impact of Make/Take Fees on Market Quality

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  • KATYA MALINOVA
  • ANDREAS PARK

Abstract

type="main"> Facing increased competition over the last decade, many stock exchanges changed their trading fees to maker-taker pricing, an incentive scheme that rewards liquidity suppliers and charges liquidity demanders. Using a change in trading fees on the Toronto Stock Exchange, we study whether and why the breakdown of trading fees between liquidity demanders and suppliers matters. Posted quotes adjust after the change in fee composition, but the transaction costs for liquidity demanders remain unaffected once fees are taken into account. However, as posted bid-ask spreads decline, traders (particularly retail) use aggressive orders more frequently, and adverse selection costs decrease.

Suggested Citation

  • Katya Malinova & Andreas Park, 2015. "Subsidizing Liquidity: The Impact of Make/Take Fees on Market Quality," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 70(2), pages 509-536, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jfinan:v:70:y:2015:i:2:p:509-536
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/jofi.12230
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Yergeau, Gabriel, 2016. "Profitability and Market Quality of High Frequency Market-makers: An Empirical Investigation," Working Papers 16-3, HEC Montreal, Canada Research Chair in Risk Management.
    2. Aitken, Michael & Chen, Haoming & Foley, Sean, 2017. "The impact of fragmentation, exchange fees and liquidity provision on market quality," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 140-160.
    3. Degryse, H.A. & van Achter, M. & Wuyts, G., 2012. "Internalization, Clearing and Settlement, and Liquidity," Discussion Paper 2012-002, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    4. Jean-Edouard Colliard & Thierry Foucault, 2012. "Trading Fees and Efficiency in Limit Order Markets," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 25(11), pages 3389-3421.
    5. Lisa Anderson & Emad Andrews & Baiju Devani & Michael Mueller & Adrian Walton, 2018. "Speed Segmentation on Exchanges: Competition for Slow Flow," Staff Working Papers 18-3, Bank of Canada.
    6. Omar El Euch & Thibaut Mastrolia & Mathieu Rosenbaum & Nizar Touzi, 2018. "Optimal make-take fees for market making regulation," Papers 1805.02741, arXiv.org.
    7. Marios Panayides & Barbara Rindi & Ingrid M.Werner, 2017. "Trading Fees and Intermarket Competition," BAFFI CAREFIN Working Papers 1751, BAFFI CAREFIN, Centre for Applied Research on International Markets Banking Finance and Regulation, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy.
    8. Vince Bourke & David Porter, 2015. "The Effects of Make and Take Fees in Experimental Markets," Working Papers 15-19, Chapman University, Economic Science Institute.
    9. Johannes A. Skjeltorp & Elvira Sojli & Wing Wah Tham, 2012. "Identifying cross-sided liquidity externalities," Working Paper 2012/20, Norges Bank.
    10. repec:eee:finmar:v:37:y:2018:i:c:p:1-16 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. David A. Cimon, 2016. "Broker Routing Decisions in Limit Order Markets," Staff Working Papers 16-50, Bank of Canada.
    12. Corey Garriott & Anna Pomeranets & Joshua Slive & Thomas Thorn, 2013. "Fragmentation in Canadian Equity Markets," Bank of Canada Review, Bank of Canada, vol. 2013(Autumn), pages 20-29.
    13. Liu, Qingfu & Hua, Renhai & An, Yunbi, 2016. "Determinants and information content of intraday bid-ask spreads: Evidence from Chinese commodity futures markets," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 135-148.
    14. Marios Panayides & Barbara Rindi & Ingrid M. Werner, 2017. "Trading Fees and Intermarket Competition," Working Papers 595, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University.
    15. Gomber, Peter & Sagade, Satchit & Theissen, Erik & Weber, Moritz Christian & Westheide, Christian, 2013. "Competition/fragmentation in equities markets: A literature survey," SAFE Working Paper Series 35, Research Center SAFE - Sustainable Architecture for Finance in Europe, Goethe University Frankfurt.
    16. Antoine Bouveret & Peter Breuer & Yingyuan Chen & David Jones & Tsuyoshi Sasaki, 2015. "Fragilities in the U.S. Treasury Market; Lessons from the “Flash Rally” of October 15, 2014," IMF Working Papers 15/222, International Monetary Fund.
    17. Harvey, M. & Hendricks, D. & Gebbie, T. & Wilcox, D., 2017. "Deviations in expected price impact for small transaction volumes under fee restructuring," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 471(C), pages 416-426.

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