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Les étudiants anticipent-ils correctement la valeur de leur diplôme sur le marché du travail ?

  • Claire Bonnard

    ()

    (IREDU - Institut de recherche sur l'éducation : Sociologie et Economie de l'Education - CNRS : FRE3497 - Université de Bourgogne, CLERSE - Centre lillois d'études et de recherches sociologiques et économiques - CNRS : UMR8019 - Université Lille I - Sciences et technologies)

  • Jean-François Giret

    (IREDU - Institut de recherche sur l'éducation : Sociologie et Economie de l'Education - CNRS : FRE3497 - Université de Bourgogne)

  • Marielle Lambert-Le Mener

    (IREDU - Institut de recherche sur l'éducation : Sociologie et Economie de l'Education - CNRS : FRE3497 - Université de Bourgogne)

Ce travail analyse la manière dont les étudiants de première année d'université anticipent leurs salaires futurs, puis compare ces salaires à ceux qu'ils peuvent réellement observer sur le marché du travail. Nos résultats montrent globalement une surestimation des salaires anticipés d'environ 9 pour cent en début de carrière, ce qui est cohérent avec des travaux réalisés dans d'autres pays. En revanche, les salaires anticipés après dix ans de carrières sont supérieurs de 28 pour cent aux salaires observés des diplômés à ancienneté comparable. Les résultats soulignent également l'importance de l'environnement familial lors du choix des études supérieures. Les salaires anticipés vont être plus élevés lorsque les parents vont s'intéresser à l'orientation de leurs enfants, lorsqu'ils seront d'accord avec leur projet scolaire et lorsque la profession du père est liée avec le projet scolaire des parents. Enfin, nous soulignons l'importance de l'effet des variables cognitives qui sont en, général, beaucoup plus significatives que les variables liées au passé scolaire.

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Date of creation: Apr 2013
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Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00815912
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  1. Cesar Alonso-Borrego & Antonio Romero-Medina, 2010. "Wage expectations for higher education students in Spain," Economics Working Papers we1016, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía.
  2. Guido Heineck & Silke Anger, 2008. "The Returns to Cognitive Abilities and Personality Traits in Germany," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 124, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  3. Jeff Dominitz & Charles F. Manski, 1994. "Eliciting Student Expectations Of The Returns To Schooling," Econometrics 9411002, EconWPA.
  4. Manski, C.F., 1991. "Adolescent Econometricians : How Do Youth Infer the Returns to Schooling," Working papers 9110, Wisconsin Madison - Social Systems.
  5. Carvajal, Manuel J. & Bendana, David & Bozorgmanesh, Alireza & Castillo, Miguel A. & Pourmasiha, Katayoun & Rao, Priya & Torres, Juan A., 2000. "Inter-gender differentials between college students' earnings expectations and the experience of recent graduates," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 229-243, June.
  6. Wolter, Stefan C, 2000. "Wage Expectations: A Comparison of Swiss and US Students," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 53(1), pages 51-69.
  7. Streufert, Peter, 2000. " The Effect of Underclass Social Isolation on Schooling Choice," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 2(4), pages 461-82.
  8. Webbink, Dinand & Hartog, Joop, 2004. "Can students predict starting salaries? Yes!," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 103-113, April.
  9. Giorgio Brunello & Claudio Lucifora & Rudolf Winter-Ebmer, 2004. "The Wage Expectations of European Business and Economics Students," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 39(4).
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