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Floss firms, users and communities: a viable match?

  • Nicolas Jullien

    ()

    (MARSOUIN - Môle Armoricain de Recherche sur la SOciété de l'information et des usages d'INternet - Institut Télécom - Télécom Bretagne - Université de Bretagne Occidentale - Brest - Université de Bretagne Sud - Université Rennes 2 - Université de Rennes I - Ecole Nationale de la Statistique et de Analyse de l'Information - Rennes - Université européenne de Bretagne)

  • Jean-Benoît Zimmermann

    ()

    (GREQAM - Groupement de Recherche en Économie Quantitative d'Aix-Marseille - Université de la Méditerranée - Aix-Marseille II - Université Paul Cézanne - Aix-Marseille III - Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) - CNRS : UMR6579)

The participation of firms in Free/Libre/Open Source Software (FLOSS) communities is growing and is increasingly debated amongst scholars. As [41] explained, FLOSS needs profit and we do not know successfull floss products without firms in their ecosystem, either being via the financial support of foundations (Eclipse, Linux) or the commercial offering of products or services based on specific FLOSS products (SQL, RedHat). Various points of view have been proposed, but most of the time, scholars studied either the implication of firms within a community or the integration of floss into their market strategy, but not both. In this article, we plead for a more structured and global analysis, based on industrial economics tools, and thus starting from the basic conditions of the computer market and of the buyers' competence in software development (the 'dominant user's skill). This conceptual framework helps to distinguish the different roles (understood as 'social roles') firms may play in the FLOSS ecosystem and, specifically the variation in their involvement.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00449535.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Publication status: Published, Journal of innovation economics, 2011, 1, 7, 31-53
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00449535
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00449535/en/
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  1. Joachim Henkel, 2006. "The Jukebox Mode of Innovation - a Model of Commercial Open Source Development," DRUID Working Papers 06-25, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies.
  2. Bruce Kogut & Anca Metiu, 2001. "Open-Source Software Development and Distributed Innovation," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 17(2), pages 248-264, Summer.
  3. Jacques De Bandt, 1998. "Les marchés de services informationnels : quelles garanties pour le client, consommateur ou partenaire ?," Revue d'Économie Industrielle, Programme National Persée, vol. 86(1), pages 61-84.
  4. Eric von Hippel, 1986. "Lead Users: A Source of Novel Product Concepts," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 32(7), pages 791-805, July.
  5. Didier Demazière & François Horn & Nicolas Jullien, 2005. "Le travail des développeurs de logiciels libres. La mobilisation dans des "communautés distantes"," Post-Print hal-00282214, HAL.
  6. Katz, Michael L & Shapiro, Carl, 1985. "Network Externalities, Competition, and Compatibility," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(3), pages 424-40, June.
  7. Katz, Michael L & Shapiro, Carl, 1986. "Technology Adoption in the Presence of Network Externalities," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(4), pages 822-41, August.
  8. Jean-Benoît Zimmermann, 1995. "Le concept de grappes technologiques. Un cadre formel," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 46(5), pages 1263-1295.
  9. West, Joel, 2003. "How open is open enough?: Melding proprietary and open source platform strategies," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(7), pages 1259-1285, July.
  10. Dahlander, Linus & Wallin, Martin W., 2006. "A man on the inside: Unlocking communities as complementary assets," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(8), pages 1243-1259, October.
  11. Andrea Bonaccorsi & Silvia Giannangeli & Cristina Rossi, 2006. "Entry Strategies Under Competing Standards: Hybrid Business Models in the Open Source Software Industry," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 52(7), pages 1085-1098, July.
  12. Langlois, Richard N. & Robertson, Paul L., 1992. "Networks and innovation in a modular system: Lessons from the microcomputer and stereo component industries," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 21(4), pages 297-313, August.
  13. Nicolas Jullien & Jean-Benoît Zimmermann, 2009. "Firms' contribution to open source software and the dominant user skill," Working Papers halshs-00449534, HAL.
  14. Zimmermann, J.-B., 1999. "Logiciel et propriete intellectuelle: du copyright au copyleft," G.R.E.Q.A.M. 99b07, Universite Aix-Marseille III.
  15. Dahlander, Linus & Magnusson, Mats G., 2005. "Relationships between open source software companies and communities: Observations from Nordic firms," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 481-493, May.
  16. Sonali K. Shah, 2006. "Motivation, Governance, and the Viability of Hybrid Forms in Open Source Software Development," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 52(7), pages 1000-1014, July.
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