IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

Lessons learned from the case of the Californian ZEV Mandate: From a 'technology-forcing' to a 'market-driven' regulation

Listed author(s):
  • Philippe LARRUE (IFReDE-E3i GRES et INSEAD)
Registered author(s):

    In this paper, we investigate how Californian regulatory authorities and the principal stakeholders that have contributed to the design of the ZEV Mandate have dealt with this complex task. In the first three sections we present, in three stages, the evolution of the ZEV Mandate from its inception to the most recent developments, trying to reconstruct the debate that surrounded this evolution. We present some conclusions in the final section. Given the constructivist approach we adopt in this paper, our contribution can only be modest. No definitive, consensual and ready-to-apply lessons can be drawn from such a controversial case. However, the Californian example, particularly because of its excesses in various regards, offers valuable inputs to draw a line around technology-forcing regulations, stressing the major pitfalls of the regulatory design process. Moreover, this case has proved especially powerful in raising lively debates among the various communities of stakeholders involved to a greater or lesser extent in alternative vehicles and more generally in environmental regulations. We claim that these types of debate are nothing less than the very first stage of the design and evaluation of an “effective” regulation.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Paper provided by Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales in its series Cahiers du GRES (2002-2009) with number 2003-07.

    in new window

    Date of creation: 2003
    Handle: RePEc:grs:wpegrs:2003-07
    Contact details of provider: Web page:

    More information through EDIRC

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

    in new window

    1. Commons, John R., 1931. "Institutional Economics," History of Economic Thought Articles, McMaster University Archive for the History of Economic Thought, vol. 21, pages 648-657.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:grs:wpegrs:2003-07. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Vincent Frigant)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.