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Armutsreduzierung im Zeitalter der Globalisierung

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Abstract

In diesem Beitrag werden theoretische und empirische Zusammenhänge zwischen Globalisierung und absoluter Armut in Entwicklungsländern beleuchtet. Es wird gezeigt, dass die zunehmende Handelsintegration die Chancen für verbesserte Armutsreduktion eröffnet und viele Entwicklungsländer davon profitieren konnten. Allerdings haben viele Entwicklungsländer davon nicht profitieren können und auch Maßnahmen zur weiteren Handelsliberalisierung haben hier wenig bewirkt. Ebenso leisten globalisierte Kapitalmärkte keinen nachweisbaren Beitrag zur Armutsreduktion und bergen eine Reihe von Risiken für Entwicklungsländer. Es werden Politikimplikationen für die Gestaltung der Globalisierung und der Entwicklungspolitik diskutiert.

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  • Stephan Klasen, 2006. "Armutsreduzierung im Zeitalter der Globalisierung," Ibero America Institute for Econ. Research (IAI) Discussion Papers 146, Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:got:iaidps:146
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    File URL: http://www2.vwl.wiso.uni-goettingen.de/ibero/working_paper_neu/DB146.pdf
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    1. Maurice Obstfeld, 1998. "The Global Capital Market: Benefactor or Menace?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 12(4), pages 9-30, Fall.
    2. Joseph E. Stiglitz & Shahid Yusuf, 2001. "Rethinking the East Asian Miracle," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 13969.
    3. Peter H. Lindert & Jeffrey G. Williamson, 2003. "Does Globalization Make the World More Unequal?," NBER Chapters,in: Globalization in Historical Perspective, pages 227-276 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Klasen, Stephan, 2000. "Measuring Poverty and Deprivation in South Africa," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 46(1), pages 33-58, March.
    5. Surjit S. Bhalla, 2004. "Poor Results and Poorer Policy: A Comparative Analysis of Estimates of Global Inequality and Poverty," CESifo Economic Studies, CESifo, vol. 50(1), pages 85-132.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F02 - International Economics - - General - - - International Economic Order and Integration
    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development

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