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User participation in watershed management and research:


  • Johnson, Nancy
  • Ravnborg, Helle Munk
  • Westermann, Olaf
  • Probst, Kirsten


Many watershed development projects around the world have performed poorly because they failed to take into account the needs, constraints, and practices of local people. Participatory watershed management—in which users help to define problems, set priorities, select technologies and policies, and monitor and evaluate impacts—is expected to improve performance. User participation in watershed management raises new questions for watershed research, including how to design appropriate mechanisms for organizing stakeholders and facilitating collective action. Management of a complex system such as a watershed may also require user participation in the research process itself. An increasing number of watershed research projects are already participatory, however challenges remain to institutionalizing user participation in both watershed management and research.

Suggested Citation

  • Johnson, Nancy & Ravnborg, Helle Munk & Westermann, Olaf & Probst, Kirsten, 2001. "User participation in watershed management and research:," CAPRi working papers 19, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:fpr:worpps:19

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Swallow, Brent M. & Johnson, Nancy & Knox, Anna & Meinzen-Dick, Ruth Suseela, 2004. "Property rights and collective action in watersheds," 2020 vision briefs 11 No. 12, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    2. Swallow, Brent M. & Garrity, Dennis P. & van Noordwijk, Meine, 2001. "The effects of scales, flows and filters on property rights and collective action in watershed management:," CAPRi working papers 16, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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    Cited by:

    1. Pant, Dhruba, 2008. "Implications of bulk water transfer on local water management institutions: a case study of the Melamchi Water Supply Project in Nepal," IWMI Working Papers H041304, International Water Management Institute.
    2. Rajabu, Kossa R.M., 2007. "Use and impacts of the river basin game in implementing integrated water resources management in Mkoji sub-catchment in Tanzania," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 94(1-3), pages 63-72, December.
    3. Abers, Rebecca Neaera, 2007. "Organizing for Governance: Building Collaboration in Brazilian River Basins," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 35(8), pages 1450-1463, August.
    4. Cardenas, Juan-Camilo & Ostrom, Elinor, 2004. "What do people bring into the game? Experiments in the field about cooperation in the commons," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 82(3), pages 307-326, December.
    5. Ratner, B. D., 2013. "Addressing conflict through collective action in natural resource management: a synthesis of experience," IWMI Working Papers H046235, International Water Management Institute.
    6. Johnson, Nancy L. & Baltodano, Maria Eugenia, 2004. "The economics of community watershed management: some evidence from Nicaragua," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 57-71, May.
    7. Tulu, M. & Boelee, Eline & Taddesse, G. & Peden, D. & Aredo, D., 2008. "Estimation of livestock, domestic use, and crop water productivities of SG-2000 Water Harvesting Pilot Projects in Ethiopia," Conference Papers h041726, International Water Management Institute.
    8. van Koppen, Barbara & Smits, S. & Moriarty, P. & Penning de Vries, F., 2008. "Community-level multiple-use water services: MUS to climb the water ladder," Conference Papers h041822, International Water Management Institute.
    9. repec:eee:ecomod:v:360:y:2017:i:c:p:260-269 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Humphreys, E. & Bayot, R. S. & van Brakel, M. & Gichuki, Francis & Svendsen, M. & Wester, P. & Huber-Lee, A. & Cook, S. & Douthwaite, B. & Hoanh, Chu Thai & Johnson, N. & Nguyen-Khoa, Sophie & Vidal, , 2008. "Fighting poverty through sustainable water use: proceedings of the CGIAR Challenge Program on Water and Food, 2nd International Forum on Water and Food, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 10-14 November 2008. Vol," Conference Proceedings h041790, International Water Management Institute.
    11. Shiferaw, B., 2008. "Community watershed management in semi-arid India: the state of collective action and its effects on natural resources and rural livelihoods," IWMI Working Papers H043862, International Water Management Institute.

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