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Role of inputs, institutions, and technical innovations in stimulating growth in Chinese agriculture:

Author

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  • Fan, Shenggen
  • Pardey, Philip G.

Abstract

Recent attempts to quantify the sources of growth in Chinese agriculture have attributed an exceptionally large share of this growth to the contemporary institutional and market reforms within China. To analyze this important issue we use a newly constructed panel data set that includes an agricultural research or stock-of-knowledge variable. Our results suggest that while still a significant source of growth, the direct growth promoting consequence of institutional change and market reforms have been overstated by these earlier studies, even during the early stages of reforms that included the rapid introduction of the household production responsibility system. Research-induced technical change accounts for nearly 20% of the growth in aggregate agricultural output since 1965 although the share of growth attributable to technological innovation and changes in inputs and institutions varies considerably over time. Disaggregating the results within China also reveals substantial interregional variability in the sources of local growth, as would be expected in such a large and diverse country.

Suggested Citation

  • Fan, Shenggen & Pardey, Philip G., 1995. "Role of inputs, institutions, and technical innovations in stimulating growth in Chinese agriculture:," EPTD discussion papers 13, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:fpr:eptddp:13
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    File URL: http://www.ifpri.org/sites/default/files/publications/eptdp13.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Lin, Justin Yifu, 1992. "Rural Reforms and Agricultural Growth in China," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(1), pages 34-51, March.
    2. Perkins, Dwight Heald, 1988. "Reforming China's Economic System," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 26(2), pages 601-645, June.
    3. Sicular, Terry, 1988. "Plan and Market in China's Agricultural Commerce," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 96(2), pages 283-307, April.
    4. Johnson, D Gale, 1988. "Economic Reforms in the People's Republic of China," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 36(3), pages 225-245, Supplemen.
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    Cited by:

    1. Weersink, Alfons & Rozelle, Scott, 1997. "Marketing reforms, market development and agricultural production in China," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 17(2-3), pages 95-114, December.
    2. Bruce, John W. & Li, Zongmin, 2009. "“Crossing the river while feeling the rocks”: Incremental land reform and its impact on rural welfare in China," IFPRI discussion papers 926, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).

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