The effect of WTO and FTAA on agriculture and the rural sector in Latin America
"In this paper we analyze the effect on output, employment and poverty of two (2) alternative versions of further trade liberalization one representing free trade world wide (WTO) and the other a Western hemisphere free trade bloc (FTAA). The paper introduces international commodity price changes derived from a world model into national Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) and microsimulation models for fifteen (15) Latin American countries to estimate how FTAA and WTO would affect sectoral output, employment, wages and poverty levels at the national level for each of the countries. We found that either of these two alternatives is expansionary for both output and employment in general and for agriculture in particular in most Latin American countries. WTO particularly favors the rural sector because the elimination of producer subsidies in developed countries causes a big increase in prices of all food commodities, especially on grains, dairy products and milk. As a result we found that in general, trade liberalizationreduced skill differentials, both within the urban sector, and where we had the information, between the rural and urban unskilled. Finally, the poverty microsimulation exercise showed that the poor are helped by either WTO or FTAA. Either version reduces poverty and inequality, and the changes are especially significant under the WTO. Clearly the rural poor pay a fairly heavy price for the producer subsidies in developed countries." Authors' Abstract
|Date of creation:||2004|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: 2033 K Street, NW, Washington, DC 20006|
Web page: http://www.ifpri.org/
More information through EDIRC
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Almeida dos Reis, Jose Guilherme & Paes de Barros, Ricardo, 1991. "Wage inequality and the distribution of education : A study of the evolution of regional differences in inequality in metropolitan Brazil," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 117-143, July.
- Diao, Xinshen & Diaz-Bonilla, Eugenio & Robinson, Sherman, 2002.
"Scenarios for trade integration in the Americas,"
TMD discussion papers
90, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:fpr:dsgddp:3. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ()
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.