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The Energy Sector in Mediterranean and MENA Countries


  • Marcella Nicolini

    (University of Pavia, and Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei, Italy)

  • Simona Porcheri

    (Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei, Italy)


This paper describes the energy sector in the Mediterranean and MENA (Middle East and North Africa) countries. It first analyses the production of energy by fossil and renewable sources and discusses the increasing demand in the area and its consequences. It describes the policy frameworks to promote renewable energy as well as fossil-fuel subsidies, which are still abundant in the MENA area. It presents some avenues for integration across the Mediterranean and finally it discusses the implications of the Arab spring on energy production in the next future.

Suggested Citation

  • Marcella Nicolini & Simona Porcheri, 2012. "The Energy Sector in Mediterranean and MENA Countries," Working Papers 2012.73, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  • Handle: RePEc:fem:femwpa:2012.73

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. John M. Piotrowski & David Coady & Justin Tyson & Rolando Ossowski & Robert Gillingham & Shamsuddin Tareq, 2010. "Petroleum Product Subsidies; Costly, Inequitable, and On the Rise," IMF Staff Position Notes 2010/05, International Monetary Fund.
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    Cited by:

    1. Sapio, Alessandro, 2015. "The effects of renewables in space and time: A regime switching model of the Italian power price," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 85(C), pages 487-499.

    More about this item


    Energy; Mediterranean Countries; MENA Countries; Subsidies;

    JEL classification:

    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy

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