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Gender, Age, and Competition: a Disappearing Gap?

Author

Listed:
  • Jeffrey Flory
  • Uri Gneezy
  • Kenneth Leonard
  • John List

Abstract

Research on competitiveness at the individual level has emphasized sex as a physiological determinant, focusing on the gap in preference for competitive environments between young men and women. This study presents evidence that women's preferences over competition change with age such that the gender gap, while large for young adults, disappears in older populations due to the fact that older women are much more competitive. Our finding that tastes for competition appear just as strong among older women as they are among men suggests a simple gender-based view of competitiveness is misleading; age seems just as important as sex. These findings are consistent with one of the most commonly cited views on the deeper origins of gender differences: that they stem at least in part from human evolution.

Suggested Citation

  • Jeffrey Flory & Uri Gneezy & Kenneth Leonard & John List, 2017. "Gender, Age, and Competition: a Disappearing Gap?," Artefactual Field Experiments 00611, The Field Experiments Website.
  • Handle: RePEc:feb:artefa:00611
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Sutter, Matthias & Glätzle-Rützler, Daniela, 2010. "Gender Differences in Competition Emerge Early in Life," IZA Discussion Papers 5015, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Gender, Age, and Competition: a Disappearing Gap?
      by maximorossi in NEP-LTV blog on 2017-08-11 17:41:53

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C93 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Field Experiments
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J19 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Other
    • J33 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Compensation Packages; Payment Methods

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