Organ Donation via Changes in the Default Choice or Allocation Rule
The supply of deceased donor organs is a limiting factor for transplantation based therapies. This research utilizes a laboratory experiment to evaluate the effectiveness of alternative public policies targeted at increasing the rate of deceased donor organ donation. The experiment includes treatments across different default choices (opt-in versus opt-out) and organ allocation rules (without versus with priority rule) inspired by the donor registration systems applied in different countries. Furthermore, the experiment includes a controlled treatment to measure the effects of a neutral versus descriptive framing of the decision task. Our results indicate that the opt-out system with priority rule generates the largest increase in organ donation relative to an opt-in only program. However, sizeable gains are achievable using either a priority rule or opt-out program separately, with the opt-out rule generating approximately 80% of the benefits achieved under a priority rule program.
|Date of creation:||Sep 2012|
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- Judd B. Kessler & Alvin E. Roth, 2012.
"Organ Allocation Policy and the Decision to Donate,"
American Economic Review,
American Economic Association, vol. 102(5), pages 2018-47, August.
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NBER Working Papers
7682, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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