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Racial Inequality and Segregation Measures: Some Evidence from the 2000 Census

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  • Rohini Somanathan

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  • Rajiv Sethi

Abstract

This paper examines the extent to which income differences across the racial groups can account for observed residential segregation. The authors adopt an approach to the decomposition of segregation measures that combines the method of indirect standardization with the idea that some degree of segregation is the outcome of purely random processes. The authors use the dissimilarity index as a measure of segregation and data on race and income from US metropolitan areas for 2000. The study finds that the role played by racial income inequality in accounting for segregation is modest but varies significantly across the cities. The role of racial income inequality as a determinant of segregation will increase over time. For those cities, where the share of black households is relatively small, it may be useful to adjust existing measures of dissimilarity to better capture the role of non-income factors in determining segregation. [CDE-DSE WP no.177]

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  • Rohini Somanathan & Rajiv Sethi, 2009. "Racial Inequality and Segregation Measures: Some Evidence from the 2000 Census," Working Papers id:2104, eSocialSciences.
  • Handle: RePEc:ess:wpaper:id:2104 Note: Institutional Papers
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Nancy A. Denton & Douglas S. Massey, "undated". "Residential Segregation of Blacks, Hispanics, and Asians by Socioeconomic Status and Generation," University of Chicago - Population Research Center 88-2, Chicago - Population Research Center.
    2. David M. Cutler & Edward L. Glaeser & Jacob L. Vigdor, 1999. "The Rise and Decline of the American Ghetto," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 107(3), pages 455-506, June.
    3. Rajiv Sethi & Rohini Somanathan, 2004. "Inequality and Segregation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 112(6), pages 1296-1321, December.
    4. W. Clark, 1991. "Residential preferences and neighborhood racial segregation: A test of the schelling segregation model," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 28(1), pages 1-19, February.
    5. Denton, N.A. & Massey, D.S., 1988. "Residential Segregation Of Blacks, Hispanics, And Asians By Socioeconomic Status And Generation," University of Chicago - Economics Research Center 88-2, Chicago - Economics Research Center.
    6. George Galster, 1988. "Residential segregation in American cities: A contrary review," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer;Southern Demographic Association (SDA), vol. 7(2), pages 93-112, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Jean-Marie Baland & Rohini Somanathan & Lore Vandewalle, 2011. "Socially Disadvantaged Groups and Microfinance in India," Working Papers 1117, University of Namur, Department of Economics.
    2. Davis, Jullet A. & Weech-Maldonado, Robert & Lapane, Kate L. & Laberge, Alex, 2014. "Contextual determinants of US nursing home racial/ethnic diversity," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 142-147.
    3. O’Flaherty, Brendan & Sethi, Rajiv, 2015. "Urban Crime," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Elsevier.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    US; racial inequality; segregation measures; residential segregation; dissimilarity index; racial income inequality; racial income disparity.;

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