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Infant And Under-Five Mortality In India: Levels, Patterns And Correlates


  • Anil B. Deolikar


General economic growth (resulting in higher living standards), improved infrastructure, and greater child immunization coverage will be essential in lowering infant and under-five mortality rates in the country. However, these general policies will not be enough. Special attention will need to be paid to the 18 problem of significantly higher mortality risk among higher birth order children, especially girls. It is worrisome that this group remains at significant risk of mortality even with the presence of a literate mother. The results with respect to the geographic concentration of infant deaths also indicate the importance of targeting mortality-reducing interventions to the states, districts and villages having the highest rates of infant mortality and the slowest rates of mortality decline.

Suggested Citation

  • Anil B. Deolikar, 2005. "Infant And Under-Five Mortality In India: Levels, Patterns And Correlates," Working Papers id:141, eSocialSciences.
  • Handle: RePEc:ess:wpaper:id:141
    Note: Working Papers

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Wiji Arulampalam & Sonia Bhalotra, 2004. "Inequality in Infant Survival Rates in India: Identification of State-Dependence Effects," Bristol Economics Discussion Papers 04/558, Department of Economics, University of Bristol, UK.
    2. Filmer, Deon & King, Elizabeth M. & Pritchett, Lant, 1998. "Gender disparity in South Asia : comparisons between and within countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1867, The World Bank.
    3. Sonia Bhalotra & Arthur van Soest, 2004. "Birth Spacing and Neonatal Mortality in India: Dynamics, Frailty and Fecundity," Bristol Economics Discussion Papers 04/567, Department of Economics, University of Bristol, UK.
    4. Rosenzweig, Mark R & Schultz, T Paul, 1982. "Market Opportunities, Genetic Endowments, and Intrafamily Resource Distribution: Child Survival in Rural India," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(4), pages 803-815, September.
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