Gender Poverty In Tunisia: Is There A Feminization Issue?
This paper investigates the association between gender and poverty in Tunisia based upon an empirical analysis of 1990 and 2000 household surveys. It also tests whether there is a widespread feminization of poverty. To achieve these goals, the paper suggests a theoretically sound method to compute expenditure-based incidence of poverty and tests for differences in headcount ratio between female- and male-headed households for a given period and whether this difference is increasing over time. Stochastic dominance tests are also performed to avoid arbitrary choices of poverty lines and indices. The results suggest that although the female headed households would be subjected unequal treatment in the labor market, they are not poorer than their male counterpart as they live with more active persons. However, as we increase the poverty line, the poverty difference between female and male headed households rises to the detriment of female-headed households and becomes statistically significant. But what is more disquieting is that this difference will increase over time due to the fall in both the level and the returns of the female assets.
|Date of creation:||Mar 2010|
|Date of revision:||Mar 2010|
|Publication status:||Published by The Economic Research Forum (ERF)|
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