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Poverty Intensity - How Well Do Canadian Provinces Compare?

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  • Kuan Xu

    ()

  • Lars Osberg

    ()

Abstract

This paper uses estimates of the Sen-Shorrocks-Thon measure of poverty intensity in Canadian provinces, and the 95% confidence interval surrounding such estimates, for 1984, 1989 and 1991-1996 to compare Canadian provinces over time and internationally. Coinciding with more general social assistance support, poverty intensity in Ontario declined in the late 1980s to a level similar to Northern Europe, but since 1994 cuts to social assistance have coincided with a significant rise in poverty intensity. Prince Edward Island has done relatively well in reducing poverty intensity. Nationally, the 1980s were a period of declining poverty intensity, but these gains have been eroded since 1994.

Suggested Citation

  • Kuan Xu & Lars Osberg, 1999. "Poverty Intensity - How Well Do Canadian Provinces Compare?," LIS Working papers 203, LIS Cross-National Data Center in Luxembourg.
  • Handle: RePEc:lis:liswps:203
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jennifer Stewart & Martin D. Dooley, 1999. "The Duration of Spells on Welfare and Off Welfare Among Lone Mothers in Ontario," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 25(s1), pages 47-72, November.
    2. Russell Davidson & Jean-Yves Duclos, 2000. "Statistical Inference for Stochastic Dominance and for the Measurement of Poverty and Inequality," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 68(6), pages 1435-1464, November.
    3. Russell Davidson & Jean-Yves Duclos, 1998. "Statistical Inference for Stochastic Dominance and for the Measurement of Poverty and Inequality," LIS Working papers 181, LIS Cross-National Data Center in Luxembourg.
    4. David Card & Richard B. Freeman, 1993. "Introduction to "Small Differences That Matter: Labor Markets and Income Maintenance in Canada and the United States"," NBER Chapters,in: Small Differences That Matter: Labor Markets and Income Maintenance in Canada and the United States, pages 1-20 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. David Card & Richard B. Freeman, 1993. "Small Differences That Matter: Labor Markets and Income Maintenance in Canada and the United States," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number card93-1.
    6. Burkhauser, Richard V & Smeeding, Timothy M & Merz, Joachim, 1996. "Relative Inequality and Poverty in Germany and the United States Using Alternative Equivalence Scales," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 42(4), pages 381-400, December.
    7. Blakorby, Charles & Donaldson, David, 1980. "Ethical Indices for the Measurement of Poverty," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 1053-1060, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Michael Förster & Timothy Smeeding & David Jesuit, 2002. "Regional Poverty and Income Inequality in Central and Eastern Europe: Evidence from the Luxembourg Income Study," LIS Working papers 324, LIS Cross-National Data Center in Luxembourg.
    2. David Jesuit, 2008. "Subnational Analyses Using the Luxembourg Income Study (LIS) Data Archive," LIS Working papers 494, LIS Cross-National Data Center in Luxembourg.

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