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Que pouvons-nous apprendre des profils de pauvreté canadiens?

Listed author(s):
  • Makdissi, Paul

    (Département d’économique)

  • Groleau, Yves

    (Département d’économique)

The objective of this paper is to identify robust poverty orderings in Canada. We present in details the definitions and methodology used in the paper. We conclude that poverty in Canada has increased between 1989 and 1997, that lone parent mothers are the most vulnerable demographic group. Finally, we find that poverty is lower in Quebec than in Ontario and British Columbia. L’objectif de cet article est d’identifier les classements de pauvreté au Canada qui sont robustes à un changement de méthodologie d’analyse. Pour ce faire, nous présentons en détail dans un premier temps, les définitions et la méthodologie d’analyse qui seront utilisées. Nous concluons que la pauvreté a augmenté au Canada entre 1989 et 1997, que les groupes démographiques les plus touchés par la pauvreté sont les familles monoparentales dirigées par des femmes et les célibataires. Finalement, nous obtenons un classement entre les régions du Canada, pour lequel il y a moins de pauvreté au Québec qu’en Ontario et qu’en Colombie-Britannique, et identifions les changements de méthodologie pour lesquelles cette conclusion demeure valide.

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File URL: http://id.erudit.org/iderudit/007253ar
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Article provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.

Volume (Year): 78 (2002)
Issue (Month): 2 (Juin)
Pages: 257-286

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Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:78:y:2002:i:2:p:257-286
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  1. Shelley Phipps, 1999. "Innis Lecture: Economics and the well-being of Canadian children," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 32(5), pages 1135-1163, November.
  2. Jenkins, Stephen P & Lambert, Peter J, 1993. "Ranking Income Distributions When Needs Differ," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 39(4), pages 337-356, December.
  3. Jean-Yves Duclos & Paul Makdissi, 2004. "Restricted and Unrestricted Dominance for Welfare, Inequality, and Poverty Orderings," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 6(1), pages 145-164, 02.
  4. Atkinson, A B, 1987. "On the Measurement of Poverty," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(4), pages 749-764, July.
  5. Shorrocks, Anthony F, 1983. "Ranking Income Distributions," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 50(197), pages 3-17, February.
  6. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-766, May.
  7. Sen, Amartya K, 1976. "Poverty: An Ordinal Approach to Measurement," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 44(2), pages 219-231, March.
  8. Lars Osberg & Kuan Xu, 1999. "Poverty Intensity: How Well Do Canadian Provinces Compare?," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 25(2), pages 179-195, June.
  9. Clark, Stephen & Hemming, Richard & Ulph, David, 1981. "On Indices for the Measurement of Poverty," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 91(362), pages 515-526, June.
  10. Russell Davidson & Jean-Yves Duclos, 2000. "Statistical Inference for Stochastic Dominance and for the Measurement of Poverty and Inequality," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 68(6), pages 1435-1464, November.
  11. Thon, Dominique, 1979. "On Measuring Poverty," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 25(4), pages 429-439, December.
  12. Atkinson, Anthony B., 1970. "On the measurement of inequality," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 2(3), pages 244-263, September.
  13. Shorrocks, Anthony F, 1995. "Revisiting the Sen Poverty Index," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 63(5), pages 1225-1230, September.
  14. Dasgupta, Partha & Sen, Amartya & Starrett, David, 1973. "Notes on the measurement of inequality," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 6(2), pages 180-187, April.
  15. Deaton,Angus & Muellbauer,John, 1980. "Economics and Consumer Behavior," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521296762, March.
  16. Lars Osberg, 2000. "Poverty in Canada and the United States: measurement, trends, and implications," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 33(4), pages 847-877, November.
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