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L’impact de la proposition conservatrice de réforme du financement des services de garde sur la pauvreté et l’inégalité au Québec

Author

Listed:
  • Paul Makdissi

    () (GREDI, Département d'économique, Université de Sherbrooke)

  • Dorothée Boccanfuso

    () (GREDI, Faculte d'administration, Université de Sherbrooke)

  • Mathieu Audet

    () (GREDI, Faculte d'administration, Université de Sherbrooke)

Abstract

Dans le présent article, nous proposons une analyse préliminaire de la réforme de politique proposée par le gouvernement conservateur qui consiste à remplacer le financement des services de garde par une subvention annuelle de 1200$ par enfant âgé de moins de 6 ans, versée directement aux parents. Pour ce faire, nous faisons l’hypothèse que face aux nouveaux transferts reçus par les familles, la pression politique fera en sorte que le Gouvernement du Québec devra diminuer le financement public actuel des services de garde. Bien que les effets sur la pauvreté et l’inégalité dans la population en général ne soient pas très importants, ceux-ci prennent de l’ampleur lorsque la population visée par ces politiques est considérée, c’est-à-dire les couples avec enfants et les mères monoparentales. Dans le cas de ces dernières, nous prévoyons des augmentations pouvant aller jusqu’à 60% de la pauvreté observée si nous utilisons un indice qui capte toutes les dimensions de la pauvreté.

Suggested Citation

  • Paul Makdissi & Dorothée Boccanfuso & Mathieu Audet, 2006. "L’impact de la proposition conservatrice de réforme du financement des services de garde sur la pauvreté et l’inégalité au Québec," Cahiers de recherche 06-10, Departement d'Economique de l'École de gestion à l'Université de Sherbrooke.
  • Handle: RePEc:shr:wpaper:06-10
    as

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    File URL: http://gredi.recherche.usherbrooke.ca/wpapers/GREDI-0610.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2006
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-766, May.
    2. Ravallion, M, 1996. "Comparaisons de la Pauverte. Concepts et methodes," Papers 122, World Bank - Living Standards Measurement.
    3. Sen, Amartya K, 1976. "Poverty: An Ordinal Approach to Measurement," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 44(2), pages 219-231, March.
    4. Makdissi, Paul & Groleau, Yves, 2002. "Que pouvons-nous apprendre des profils de pauvreté canadiens?," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 78(2), pages 257-286, Juin.
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    Cited by:

    1. Mathieu Audet & Paul Makdissi, 2009. "Assessing the impact of historical changes in social protection on poverty in Canada," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(5), pages 523-526.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Services de garde; pauvreté; inégalité;

    JEL classification:

    • H42 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Publicly Provided Private Goods
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs

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