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Measuring Hunger and Food Insecurity in Yemen


  • Nader Kabbani

    () (Department of Economics, American University of Beirut)

  • Yassin Wehelie

    () (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations)


Yemen has become the first country in the MENA region to develop and field a direct survey-based food security survey at the national level. The survey was administered to a nationally-representative sample of over 112,000 households. This paper describes the methods used to construct the indicators of food insecurity and analyzes the correlates of food insecurity and hunger among Yemeni households. The results indicate that food insecurity and hunger are widespread in Yemen. Food insecure households tended to have more children and fewer household members, were likely to rely on temporary employment, and were more likely to be classified as non-agricultural. Among agricultural households, households headed by a female or young adult were more likely to be food insecure, while those headed by persons with higher levels of educational attainment were less likely to be food insecurity. We compare our results to previously-published prevalence estimates and determinants of poverty in Yemen and find some major differences, suggesting that poverty and food insecurity may be identifying different aspects of household need and deprivation.

Suggested Citation

  • Nader Kabbani & Yassin Wehelie, 2004. "Measuring Hunger and Food Insecurity in Yemen," Working Papers 0419, Economic Research Forum, revised 09 Feb 2004.
  • Handle: RePEc:erg:wpaper:0419

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Borjas, George J., 2004. "Food insecurity and public assistance," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(7-8), pages 1421-1443, July.
    2. World Bank, 2002. "Republic of Yemen : Poverty Update, Volume 1. Main Report," World Bank Other Operational Studies 15319, The World Bank.
    3. World Bank, 2002. "Republic of Yemen : Poverty Update, Volume 2. Annexes," World Bank Other Operational Studies 15318, The World Bank.
    4. Joshua Winicki & Kyle Jemison, 2003. "Food Insecurity and Hunger in the Kindergarten Classroom: Its Effect on Learning and Growth," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 21(2), pages 145-157, April.
    5. World Bank, 2003. "World Development Indicators 2003," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 13920, July.
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