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Trade and Transport in Central Asia

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  • Richard Pomfret

    (University of Adelaide)

Abstract

Until 1991 Central Asia was part of the integrated economic space of the Soviet Union without borders and with a relatively efficient transport network, but oriented toward the needs of the Soviet economy. The role of the Central Asian republics in the Soviet division of labor was as providers of raw materials, primarily cotton, minerals, and energy products; roads and railways led north or west to the Russian republic, and eastern and southern borders were effectively closed to trade. Since independence the Central Asian countries have continued to exploit their comparative advantage in raw material exports, but their trade has been hampered by poor transport facilities and by failure to improve the soft infrastructure of trade. Being landlocked exacerbates these weaknesses, but location could be turned to advantage as Central Asia is adjacent to the world’s most dynamic large economies. To benefit from this the hard and soft infrastructure of transport and trade need upgrading, and regional cooperation to facilitate transit is needed to stimulate intra- and extra-regional trade.
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Suggested Citation

  • Richard Pomfret, 2010. "Trade and Transport in Central Asia," Other Working Papers centasia2010trade, Emerging Markets Forum.
  • Handle: RePEc:emf:otherw:centasia2010trade
    Note: Presented at the 2010 Eurasia Meeting of the Emerging Markets Forum in January in Thun
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Vakulchuk, Roman & Irnazarov, Farrukh, 2014. "Analysis of Informal Obstacles to Cross-Border Economic Activity in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan," Working Papers on Regional Economic Integration 130, Asian Development Bank.
    3. Achillas, Ch. & Aidonis, D. & Vlachokostas, Ch. & Moussiopoulos, N. & Banias, G. & Triantafillou, D., 2012. "A multi-objective decision-making model to select waste electrical and electronic equipment transportation media," Resources, Conservation & Recycling, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 76-84.
    4. Angenendt, Nicole & Müller, Christine & Stronzik, Marcus, 2012. "Elektromobilität in Europa: Ökonomische, rechtliche und regulatorische Behandlung von zu errichtender Infrastruktur im internationalen Vergleich," WIK Discussion Papers 367, WIK Wissenschaftliches Institut für Infrastruktur und Kommunikationsdienste GmbH.
    5. Tim Schwanen, 2018. "Towards decolonised knowledge about transport," Palgrave Communications, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 4(1), pages 1-6, December.
    6. Letizia Tebaldi & Teresa Murino & Eleonora Bottani, 2020. "An Adapted Version of the Water Wave Optimization Algorithm for the Capacitated Vehicle Routing Problem with Time Windows with Application to a Real Case Using Probe Data," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(9), pages 1-13, May.

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