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The economics of truck toll lanes

  • André de Palma

    ()

    (Université de Cergy-Pontoise, ENPC, CORE and Member of the Institut Universitaire de France, THEMA)

  • Moez Kilani

    ()

    (Université de Sousse, Sousse, TUNISIA)

  • Robin Lindsey

    ()

    (Department of Economics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, CANADA)

Truck-only lanes and tollways have been promoted as a way to combat road congestion, enhance safety and reduce pavement damage. This paper explores one aspect of truck lanes by considering whether there are advantages in separating cars and trucks. The benefits of vehicle separation are found to depend on several factors: the relative volumes of cars and trucks, the congestion delay and safety hazards that each type of vehicle imposes, values of travel time for cars and trucks, and lane capacity indivisibilities. The optimal assignment of vehicles to lanes can be supported using tolls that are differentiated by vehicle type and route. By contrast, lane access restrictions generally cannot support the optimum and may provide no benefit at all.

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Paper provided by THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise in its series THEMA Working Papers with number 2007-13.

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Date of creation: 2007
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Handle: RePEc:ema:worpap:2007-13
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  1. Small, Kenneth A., 2001. "The Value of Pricing," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt0rm449sx, University of California Transportation Center.
  2. Small, K.A. & Yan, J., 1999. "The Value of "Value Princing" of Roads: Second-Best Pricing and Product Differentiation," Papers 99-00-02, California Irvine - School of Social Sciences.
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  8. Erik T. Verhoef & Kenneth A. Small, 2004. "Product Differentiation on Roads," Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, London School of Economics and University of Bath, vol. 38(1), pages 127-156, January.
  9. Jan Rouwendal & Erik Verhoef & Piet Rietveld & Bert Zwart, 2002. "A Stochastic Model of Congestion Caused by Speed Differences," Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, London School of Economics and University of Bath, vol. 36(3), pages 407-445, September.
  10. Small, Kenneth A. & Gomez-Ibanez, Jose A., 1999. "Urban transportation," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, in: P. C. Cheshire & E. S. Mills (ed.), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 46, pages 1937-1999 Elsevier.
  11. Arnott, Richard & de Palma, Andre & Lindsey, Robin, 1992. "Route choice with heterogeneous drivers and group-specific congestion costs," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 71-102, March.
  12. Dahlgren, Joy, 1998. "High occupancy vehicle lanes: Not always more effective than general purpose lanes," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 99-114, February.
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  14. Ted Gayer, 2004. "The Fatality Risks of Sport-Utility Vehicles, Vans, and Pickups Relative to Cars," Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Springer, vol. 28(2), pages 103-133, 03.
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