A Stochastic Model of Congestion Caused by Speed Differences
The authors study interaction on a two-lane road between the trips of two types of drivers who differ by their desired speeds. The difference in desired speeds causes congestion, because slow vehicles force fast vehicles to reduce their speed. Results for this type of congestion with respect to tolling are very different from those of the classic Pigou-Knight model, where the marginal external costs are an increasing function of the number of road users. In our model we find the opposite result: the marginal external costs of slow vehicles are a decreasing function of the number of slow vehicles. This leads to rather different policy recommendations. © The London School of Economics and the University of Bath 2002
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- Arnott, Richard & de Palma, Andre & Lindsey, Robin, 1993. "A Structural Model of Peak-Period Congestion: A Traffic Bottleneck with Elastic Demand," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(1), pages 161-79, March.
- Erik Verhoef & Jan Rouwendal & Piet Rietveld, 1997.
"Congestion caused by Speed Differences,"
Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers
97-105/3, Tinbergen Institute.
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