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Gender and family: conceptual overview


  • Barr, Nicholas


This paper starts from the fact that women receive lower pensions than men on average, and considers policies to address that fact. Women typically have lower wages than men, a greater likelihood of part-time work and more career breaks, and thus generally a less complete contribution record. In addition, pension age may be lower for women and annuities may be priced using separate life tables for women. The paper looks at three strategic ameliorative policy directions: policies intended to increase the size and duration of women’s earnings and hence improve their contribution records; policies to redirect resources within the pension system, including for survivors and after divorce; and ways of boosting women’s pensions with resources from outside the pension system.

Suggested Citation

  • Barr, Nicholas, 2019. "Gender and family: conceptual overview," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 101237, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  • Handle: RePEc:ehl:lserod:101237

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Lee,Ron & Sanchez-Romero,Miguel, 2019. "Overview on Heterogeneity in Longevity and Pension Schemes," Social Protection Discussion Papers and Notes 136560, The World Bank.
    2. Klerby,Anna & Larsson,Bo & Palmer,Edward, 2019. "Bridging Partner Lifecycle Earnings and Pension Gaps by Sharing NDC Accounts," Social Protection Discussion Papers and Notes 136541, The World Bank.
    3. Ambler, Kate & De Brauw,Alan, 2017. "The impacts of cash transfers on women?s empowerment : learning from Pakistan?s BISP program," Policy Research Working Paper Series 113161, The World Bank.
    4. Boeri,Tito & Cozzolino,Maria & Di Porto,Edoardo, 2019. "Setting Up a Communication Package for the Italian NDC," Social Protection Discussion Papers and Notes 136554, The World Bank.
    5. Guardiancich,Igor & Weaver,R. Kent & Demarco,Gustavo C. & Dorfman,Mark Charles, 2019. "The Politics of NDC Pension Scheme Diffusion : Constraints and Drivers," Social Protection Discussion Papers and Notes 136556, The World Bank.
    6. Lis,Maciej & Bonthuis,Boele, 2019. "Drivers of the Gender Gap in Pensions : Evidence from EU-SILC and the OECD Pension Model," Social Protection Discussion Papers and Notes 136540, The World Bank.
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    Cited by:

    1. Marlena Piekut, 2020. "Living Standards in One-Person Households of the Elderly Population," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(3), pages 1-26, January.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J32 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Nonwage Labor Costs and Benefits; Retirement Plans; Private Pensions
    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions

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