Monetary policy rules and their application in Russia
This paper examines the Bank of Russia behaviour in post crisis period. Special attention is devoted to econometric modelling of monetary policy rules of various types. Standard model is modified in a number of ways and estimated with the use of alternative econometric techniques (GMM, OLS and TSLS methodology). One of the modifications is set in the form of a system of two simultaneous equations, describing dynamics of intervention on foreign currency market and sterilisation of excess liquidity by the Bank of Russia. Empirical results support preliminary assumptions made on the basis of qualitative analysis of terms and principles of monetary and exchange rate policy in 1999-2003. Thus, interest rate policy of the Central Bank has had rather adaptive format, while management of base money dynamics possessed pronounced stabilising pattern. Another major finding lie in the fact that despite officially declared priority of anti-inflation policy major efforts of the Bank of Russia were turned to the regulation of the exchange rate. There are some reasons to suggest that the Central Bank intervened in the exchange market with the aim to affect not only the smoothness of the exchange rate but also its level.
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