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Poverty and Expenditure Differentiation of the Russian Population


  • Aivazian Sergey


  • Kolenikov Stanislav



The problem of poverty and inequality measurement in contemporary Russian society is considered within the framework of the general problem of social tension reduction via efficient organization of the social assistance system. We argue that features specific to Russian transition stipulate that poverty indicators (e.g., Foster-Greer-Thorbecke family) be calculated on the basis of expenditure rather than income as it is usually done. These features are also accounted for in the econometric model of per capita expenditure distribution. The model includes special methods to calibrate, or to adjust, the distributions obtained from the official budget surveys' statistics. The results of the empirical approbation of the technique are reported, which use the RLMS (Rounds 5 – 8) statistical data as well as budget surveys of Komi Republic, Volgograd and Omsk regions.

Suggested Citation

  • Aivazian Sergey & Kolenikov Stanislav, 2001. "Poverty and Expenditure Differentiation of the Russian Population," EERC Working Paper Series 01-01e, EERC Research Network, Russia and CIS.
  • Handle: RePEc:eer:wpalle:01-01e

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Esteban, Joan & Ray, Debraj, 1994. "On the Measurement of Polarization," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 62(4), pages 819-851, July.
    2. Atkinson, A B, 1987. "On the Measurement of Poverty," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(4), pages 749-764, July.
    3. Coulter, Fiona A E & Cowell, Frank A & Jenkins, Stephen P, 1992. "Differences in Needs and Assessment of Income Distributions," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 44(2), pages 77-124, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Maksim Yemelyanau, 2009. "Inequality in Belarus from 1995 to 2007," BEROC Working Paper Series 01, Belarusian Economic Research and Outreach Center (BEROC).
    2. Yuriy Gorodnichenko & Klara Sabirianova Peter & Dmitriy Stolyarov, 2010. "Inequality and Volatility Moderation in Russia: Evidence from Micro-Level Panel Data on Consumption and Income," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 13(1), pages 209-237, January.
    3. Lukiyanova, Anna & Oshchepkov, Aleksey, 2012. "Income mobility in Russia (2000–2005)," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 46-64.
    4. Tsarev, Igor, 2008. "Modeling the Income Distribution in the Society," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 11(3), pages 43-51.
    5. Maksim Yemelyanau, 2008. "Inequality in Belarus from 1995 to 2005," CERGE-EI Working Papers wp356, The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economics Institute, Prague.
    6. Borisov, Gleb V. & Pissarides, Christopher A., 2016. "The Intergenerational Transmission of Human Capital and Earnings in Contemporary Russia," IZA Discussion Papers 10300, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

    More about this item


    Russia; economic inequality; per capita expenditure distribution of population; indicators of poverty; survey; unit non-response (truncation); censoring; misreporting; mixture model; optimal allocation of social assistance; transition; missing data;

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C15 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Statistical Simulation Methods: General
    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • P29 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Other

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