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Determinants of Residential Water Consumption: Evidence and Analysis from a Ten-country Household Survey

  • R. Quentin Grafton

    ()

  • Michael B. Ward

    ()

  • Hang To

    ()

  • Tom Kompas

    ()

[1] Household survey data for ten countries are used to quantify and test the importance of price and non-price factors on residential water demand and investigate complementarities between household water-saving behaviors and the average volumetric price of water. Results show: (1) the average volumetric price of water is an important predictor of differences in residential consumption in models that include household characteristics, water-saving devices, attitudinal characteristics and environmental concerns as explanatory variables; (2) of all water-saving devices, only a low volume/dual-flush toilet has a statistically significant and negative effect on water consumption; and(3) environmental concerns have a statistically significant effect on some self-reported water-saving behaviors. While price-based approaches are espoused to promote economic efficiency, our findings stress that volumetric water pricing is also one of the most effective policy levers available to regulate household water consumption.

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File URL: http://www.crawford.anu.edu.au/pdf/crwf_ssrn/crwfrp_1114.pdf
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Paper provided by Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University in its series Crawford School Research Papers with number 1114.

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Length: 45 pages
Date of creation: Aug 2011
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH, VOL. 47, W08537, 14 PP., 2011 doi:10.1029/2010WR009685
Handle: RePEc:een:crwfrp:1114
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Phone: +61 2 6125 4705
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Web page: https://crawford.anu.edu.au/research/crwf_ssrn/
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