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El Mercado Laboral en Chile Nuevos Temas y Desaf�os

  • Jaime Gatica
  • Pilar Romaguera

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    La situaci�n laboral ha generado una creciente preocupaci�n en los �ltimos a�os en Chile. El lento crecimiento de la econom�a a partir de la crisis asi�tica de los a�nos 1998-99 determin� el aumento de la tasa de desocupaci�n que se ha mantenido en el tiempo, situaci�n que dio lugar a un debate acerca de las causas del desempleo y, en particular, sobre si este era de car�cter c�clico o estructural. A esto, a su vez, se suman nuevos temas como la alta rotaci�n del empleo, los efectos econ�micos de la legislaci�n laboral, y las dificultades de inserci�n laboral de grupos espec�ficos de la poblaci�n, como son los j�venes y las mujeres. Al examinar los distintos trabajos que se han realizado recientemente sobre estos temas, veremos que algunos ratifican la evidencia encontrada por investigaciones previas; sin embargo, existen tambi�n nuevos resultados que son aparentemente contradictorios o plantean verdaderos puzzles en su interpretaci�n. Esto se explica no s�lo porque cada investigaci�n enfatiza un aspecto particular de esta problem�tica, sino tambi�n porque el mercado laboral parece ser m�s heterog�neo de lo esperado. A partir de esta revisi�n surge una interesante agenda futura de temas laborales cuya soluci�n es necesaria para potenciar el crecimiento de la econom�a en el mediano plazo.

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    File URL: http://www.dii.uchile.cl/~cea/sitedev/cea/www/download.php?file=documentos_trabajo/ASOCFILE120051020150950.pdf
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    Paper provided by Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile in its series Documentos de Trabajo with number 210.

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    Date of creation: 2005
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    Handle: RePEc:edj:ceauch:210
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.dii.uchile.cl/cea/
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    1. Lucia Foster & John C. Haltiwanger & C. J. Krizan, 2001. "Aggregate Productivity Growth. Lessons from Microeconomic Evidence," NBER Chapters, in: New Developments in Productivity Analysis, pages 303-372 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    8. Kevin Cowan & Alejandro Micco & Carmen Pagés, 2004. "Labor Market Adjustment in Chile," JOURNAL OF LACEA ECONOMIA, LACEA - LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION.
    9. Alexis Camhi & Eduardo Engel & Alejandro Micco, 1997. "Dinámica de empleo y productividad en manufactura: Evidencia micro y consecuencias macro," Documentos de Trabajo 19, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
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