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Assesment of the relationship between Inequality and Economic Growth: A panel Data Approach

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  • Araceli Ortega Diaz

Abstract

The relationship between income distribution and economic growth has been found to depend on several factors such as capital markets imperfections, moral hazard, indivisibility in investments, and existence of dual economic characteristics. In recent literature the importance of geography has been emphasized in defining this relationship due to it’s relevance to trade and openness. The current work assesses how income inequality influences growth stimating a reduced form growth equation. Using dynamic panel data analysis for the 32 States of Mexico with both, urban personal income for grouped data and household income from national surveys, it is found that inequality and growth are positively related. When analysing different periods, two different relationships emerge: 1) a negative influence of inequality on growth in a period of low trade policies, and a positive influence in a period more open trade, when urban personal income is considered, and 2) the relationship is reversed when monetary household income is used. To complete the research, we also estimated a structural form equation taking into account the fiscal effects of inequality on growth, finding that the relationship is positive but requires improvement of the explanatory variables involved

Suggested Citation

  • Araceli Ortega Diaz, 2004. "Assesment of the relationship between Inequality and Economic Growth: A panel Data Approach," Econometric Society 2004 Latin American Meetings 261, Econometric Society.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecm:latm04:261
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Alberto Alesina & Dani Rodrik, 1994. "Distributive Politics and Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 109(2), pages 465-490.
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    Keywords

    Regional Inequality; Growth; Panel Data;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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