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Higher order expectations, illiquidity, and short-term trading

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  • Cespa, Giovanni

    (IESE Business School)

  • Vives, Xavier

    (IESE Business School)

Abstract

We propose a theory that jointly accounts for an asset illiquidity and for the asset price potential over-reliance on public information. We argue that, when trading frequencies differ across traders, asset prices reflect investors' Higher Order Expectations (HOEs) about the two factors that influence the aggregate demand: fundamentals information and liquidity trades. We show that it is precisely when asset prices are driven by investors' HOEs about fundamentals that they over-rely on public information, the market displays high illiquidity, and low volume of informational trading; conversely, when HOEs about fundamentals are subdued, prices under-rely on public information, the market hovers in a high liquidity state, and the volume of informational trading is high. Over-reliance on public information results from investors' under-reaction to their private signals which, in turn, dampens uncertainty reduction over liquidation prices, favoring an increase in price risk and illiquidity. Therefore, a highly illiquid market implies higher expected returns from contrarian strategies. Equivalently, illiquidity arises as a byproduct of the lack of participation of informed investors in their capacity as liquidity suppliers, a feature that appears to capture some aspects of the recent crisis.

Suggested Citation

  • Cespa, Giovanni & Vives, Xavier, 2011. "Higher order expectations, illiquidity, and short-term trading," IESE Research Papers D/915, IESE Business School.
  • Handle: RePEc:ebg:iesewp:d-0915
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    Cited by:

    1. Giovanni Cespa & Xavier Vives, 2012. "Dynamic Trading and Asset Prices: Keynes vs. Hayek," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 79(2), pages 539-580.
    2. Butt, Hilal Anwar & Kolari, James W. & Sadaqat, Mohsin, 2021. "Revisiting momentum profits in emerging markets," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 65(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Expected returns; multiple equilibria; average expectations; over-reliance on public information; beauty contest;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G10 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading

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