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Determinants of Intra-FDI Inflows in East Asia : Does Regional Economic Integration Affect Intra-FDI?

Author

Listed:
  • Jung Sik Kim

    (Yongsei University of Korea, KIEP)

  • Yonghyup Oh

Abstract

This paper analyzes the validity of macroeconomic variables, such as exchange rate uncertainty, macroeconomic instability, and openness, in determining intra-FDI inflows in the ASEAN countries, China, Japan, and Korea. Our empirical results show that openness, exchange rates, exchange rate volatility, per capita GDP, and foreign reserve accumulation are statistically significant factors that determine regional intra-FDI inflows; other variables such as macroeconomic instability are not significant. Variables like openness and exchange rate volatility have direct implications for regional FTAs and regional common currency arrangements, and thus to East Asian economic integration. Our findings suggest that a regional FTA that would increase regional openness by 10 percent would increase intra-FDI inflows by almost 2 percent. A regional exchange rate arrangement that would reduce regional exchange volatility by half would increase intra-FDI inflows by around 10 percent.

Suggested Citation

  • Jung Sik Kim & Yonghyup Oh, 2007. "Determinants of Intra-FDI Inflows in East Asia : Does Regional Economic Integration Affect Intra-FDI?," Trade Working Papers 21906, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:eab:tradew:21906
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    File URL: http://www.eaber.org/node/21906
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Mihir A. Desai & C. Fritz Foley & Kristin J. Forbes, 2004. "Financial Constraints and Growth: Multinational and Local Firm Responses to Currency Crises," NBER Working Papers 10545, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Lionel Artige & Rosella Nicolini, 2005. "Evidence on the Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment: The Case of Three European Regions," UFAE and IAE Working Papers 655.05, Unitat de Fonaments de l'Anàlisi Econòmica (UAB) and Institut d'Anàlisi Econòmica (CSIC).
    3. Ann E. Harrison & Brian J. Aitken, 1999. "Do Domestic Firms Benefit from Direct Foreign Investment? Evidence from Venezuela," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(3), pages 605-618, June.
    4. Bruce Blonigen, 2005. "A Review of the Empirical Literature on FDI Determinants," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 33(4), pages 383-403, December.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    FDI; openness; Exchange Rate Uncertainty; exchange rate; Regional Economic Integration;

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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