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Determinants of Interest Spread in Pakistan

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  • Idrees Khawaja

    (PIDE)

  • Musleh-ud Din

Abstract

Interest spread of the Pakistans banking industry has been on the rise for the last two years. The increase in interest spread discourages savings and investments on the one hand, and raises concerns on the effectiveness of bank lending channel of monetary policy on the other. This study examines the determinants of interest spread in Pakistan using panel data of 29 banks. The results show that inelasticity of deposit supply is a major determinant of interest spread whereas industry concentration has no significant influence on interest spread. One reason for inelasticity of deposits supply to the banks is the absence of alternate options for the savers. The on-going merger wave in the banking industry will further limit the options for the savers. Given the adverse implications of banking mergers for a competitive environment, we argue that to maintain a reasonably competitive environment, merger proposals may be subjected to review by an antitrust authority with the central bank retaining the veto over merger approval.

Suggested Citation

  • Idrees Khawaja & Musleh-ud Din, 2007. "Determinants of Interest Spread in Pakistan," Macroeconomics Working Papers 22209, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:eab:macroe:22209
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    Cited by:

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    2. Mirza, Nawazish & Naqvi, Bushra & Rizvi, Syed Kumail Abbas & Rahat, Birjees, 2016. "Potential of market discipline in Pakistan: The bank depositors’ perspective:," PSSP working papers 40, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    3. Imran, Kashif & Nishat, Mohammed, 2013. "Determinants of bank credit in Pakistan: A supply side approach," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 384-390.
    4. Murad Khan & Abdul Jalil, 2020. "Determinants of Interest Margin in Pakistan: A Panel Data Analysis," Economies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(2), pages 1-14, March.
    5. Khan, Mehwish Aziz & Kayani, Ferheen & Javid, Attiya Yasmin, 2011. "Effect of Mergers and Acquisitions on Market Concentration and Interest Spread," MPRA Paper 37311, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Hossain, Monzur, 2012. "Financial reforms and persistently high bank interest spreads in Bangladesh: Pitfalls in institutional development?," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(4), pages 395-408.
    7. Sokol Ndoka & Anilda Bozdo, 2015. "Analysis of Interest Rate Impact on the Profitability Level of the Banking System in Albania during the Period 2005 -2014," European Journal of Economics and Business Studies Articles, European Center for Science Education and Research, vol. 1, September.
    8. Mehwish Aziz Khan & Attiya Javid, 2011. "Effect of Mergers and Acquisitions on Market Concentration and Interest Spread," Journal of Economics and Behavioral Studies, AMH International, vol. 3(3), pages 190-197.
    9. Muhammad Waqas Chughtai & Muhammad Waqas Malik & Rashid Aftab, 2015. "Impact of Major Economic Variables on Economic Growth of Pakistan," Acta Universitatis Danubius. OEconomica, Danubius University of Galati, issue 11(2), pages 94-106, April.
    10. Sheikh Khurram Fazal & Muhammad Abdus Salam, 2013. "Interest Rate Pass-Through: Empirical Evidence from Pakistan," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 18(1), pages 39-62, Jan-June.
    11. Romila Qamar & Shahid Mansoor Hashmi & Jaleel Ahmed & Ahmed N.K. AlFarra, 2016. "Are Capital Buffers Countercyclical ? An Evidence From Pakistan," Romanian Economic Journal, Department of International Business and Economics from the Academy of Economic Studies Bucharest, vol. 19(61), pages 123-146, September.
    12. Tan Zhongming & Samuel Frimpong & Ding Guoping, 2019. "Impact of Financial Risk Indicators on Banks’ Financial Performance in Ghana," Business and Economic Research, Macrothink Institute, vol. 9(4), pages 23-52, December.
    13. Florin Aliu & Orkhan Nadirov, 2016. "Kosovo Banking Paradox," Academic Journal of Economic Studies, Faculty of Finance, Banking and Accountancy Bucharest,"Dimitrie Cantemir" Christian University Bucharest, vol. 2(4), pages 11-22, December.
    14. Faris Nasif Al Shubiri & Syed Ahsan Jamil, 2017. "Assessing the Determinants of Interest Rate Spread of Commercial Banks in Oman: An Empirical Investigation," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(2A), pages 90-108.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Banks; Determination of Interest Rates; mergers; Acquisitions;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance

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