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Determinants of Interest Spread in Pakistan

Author

Listed:
  • Idrees Khawaja

    (PIDE)

  • Musleh-ud Din

Abstract

Interest spread of the Pakistans banking industry has been on the rise for the last two years. The increase in interest spread discourages savings and investments on the one hand, and raises concerns on the effectiveness of bank lending channel of monetary policy on the other. This study examines the determinants of interest spread in Pakistan using panel data of 29 banks. The results show that inelasticity of deposit supply is a major determinant of interest spread whereas industry concentration has no significant influence on interest spread. One reason for inelasticity of deposits supply to the banks is the absence of alternate options for the savers. The on-going merger wave in the banking industry will further limit the options for the savers. Given the adverse implications of banking mergers for a competitive environment, we argue that to maintain a reasonably competitive environment, merger proposals may be subjected to review by an antitrust authority with the central bank retaining the veto over merger approval.

Suggested Citation

  • Idrees Khawaja & Musleh-ud Din, 2007. "Determinants of Interest Spread in Pakistan," Macroeconomics Working Papers 22209, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:eab:macroe:22209
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Imran, Kashif & Nishat, Mohammed, 2013. "Determinants of bank credit in Pakistan: A supply side approach," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 384-390.
    2. Hossain, Monzur, 2012. "Financial reforms and persistently high bank interest spreads in Bangladesh: Pitfalls in institutional development?," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(4), pages 395-408.
    3. Sheikh Khurram Fazal & Muhammad Abdus Salam, 2013. "Interest Rate Pass-Through: Empirical Evidence from Pakistan," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 18(1), pages 39-62, Jan-June.
    4. repec:rej:journl:v:19:y:2016:i:61:p:123-146 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Florin Aliu & Orkhan Nadirov, 2016. "Kosovo Banking Paradox," Academic Journal of Economic Studies, Faculty of Finance, Banking and Accountancy Bucharest,"Dimitrie Cantemir" Christian University Bucharest, vol. 2(4), pages 11-22, December.
    6. Tatum Blaise Pua Tan, 2012. "Determinants of Credit Growth and Interest Margins in the Philippines and Asia," IMF Working Papers 12/123, International Monetary Fund.
    7. Khan, Mehwish Aziz & Kayani, Ferheen & Javid, Attiya Yasmin, 2011. "Effect of Mergers and Acquisitions on Market Concentration and Interest Spread," MPRA Paper 37311, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. repec:eur:ejesjr:60 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Muhammad Waqas Chughtai & Muhammad Waqas Malik & Rashid Aftab, 2015. "Impact of Major Economic Variables on Economic Growth of Pakistan," Acta Universitatis Danubius. OEconomica, Danubius University of Galati, issue 11(2), pages 94-106, April.
    10. repec:ers:journl:v:xx:y:2017:i:2a:p:90-108 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Banks; Determination of Interest Rates; mergers; Acquisitions;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance

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