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Financial Liberalisation, Crises, and Economic Growth

Author

Listed:
  • Inkoo Lee

    (Korea Institute for International Economic Policy)

  • Jonghyup Shin

Abstract

It has been widely recognized that financial liberalization plays an important role in economic development. Although an expanding body of literature has documented this effect across space and time, the channel through which financial liberalization affects the economic growth remains unclear. This paper employs probit and panel regressions to show that financial liberalization is positively associated with economic growth, with the (positive) direct liberalization effect dominating the (negative) indirect crisis effect. Financial liberalization is expected to increase GDP growth by 0.92 percentage point in the whole sample and by 0.99 percentage point in crisis experienced countries, respectively. Financial liberalization contributes to economic growth even when the sample is restricted to countries that experienced financial crises. We also test the effect of financial liberalization on the interest rates. The result is contrary to our expectation : financial liberalization increases the interest rates. We conjecture that the overshooting in interest rates after a crisis and the removal of interest rate ceiling after liberalization are the main reasons for this phenomenon.

Suggested Citation

  • Inkoo Lee & Jonghyup Shin, 2007. "Financial Liberalisation, Crises, and Economic Growth," Finance Working Papers 22030, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:eab:financ:22030
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Ranciere, Romain & Tornell, Aaron & Westermann, Frank, 2006. "Decomposing the effects of financial liberalization: Crises vs. growth," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(12), pages 3331-3348, December.
    2. Carmen M. Reinhart & Graciela L. Kaminsky, 1999. "The Twin Crises: The Causes of Banking and Balance-of-Payments Problems," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(3), pages 473-500, June.
    3. Peter Blair Henry, 2007. "Capital Account Liberalization: Theory, Evidence, and Speculation," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 45(4), pages 887-935, December.
    4. Bekaert, Geert & Harvey, Campbell R. & Lundblad, Christian, 2005. "Does financial liberalization spur growth?," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 77(1), pages 3-55, July.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    financial liberalisation; crises; economic growth; panel; probit model;

    JEL classification:

    • F30 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - General
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities

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