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Financial Liberalization and Banking Crises: A Cross-Country Analysis-super-

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  • APANARD P. ANGKINAND
  • WANVIMOL SAWANGNGOENYUANG
  • CLAS WIHLBORG

Abstract

Several studies indicate that financial liberalization contributes to the likelihood of a financial crisis. We focus on banking crises and argue that they are most likely to occur after an intermediate degree of liberalization. Using a recently updated dataset for financial reforms in 48 countries between 1973 and 2005, we find an inverted U-shaped relationship between liberalization and the likelihood of crisis. We ask whether the relationship remains when institutional characteristics of countries and dynamic effects of liberalization are considered. The empirical results indicate that the relationship between liberalization and banking crises depends strongly on the strength of capital regulation and supervision. With very weak regulation and supervision, the probability of banking crises is increasing with liberalization but this relationship is reversed as regulation and supervision become stricter. The most important type of liberalization in relation to banking crises seems to be behavioral (a relaxation of interest and credit controls). A policy implication is that positive growth effects of liberalization can be achieved without increasing the risk of a banking crisis if appropriate institutions are developed. Copyright (c) 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation (c) International Review of Finance Ltd. 2010.

Suggested Citation

  • Apanard P. Angkinand & Wanvimol Sawangngoenyuang & Clas Wihlborg, 2010. "Financial Liberalization and Banking Crises: A Cross-Country Analysis-super-," International Review of Finance, International Review of Finance Ltd., vol. 10(Financial), pages 263-292.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:irvfin:v:10:y:2010:i:s1:p:263-292
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    1. Ano Sujithan, Kuhanathan, 2014. "Le système financier indien à l'épreuve de la crise," Economics Thesis from University Paris Dauphine, Paris Dauphine University, number 123456789/14810 edited by Avouyi-Dovi, Sanvi, January.
    2. Hamdi, Helmi & Jlassi, Nabila Boukef, 2014. "Financial liberalization, disaggregated capital flows and banking crisis: Evidence from developing countries," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 124-132.
    3. repec:eee:finsta:v:30:y:2017:i:c:p:67-78 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Choudhry, Taufiq & Jayasekera, Ranadeva, 2014. "Returns and volatility spillover in the European banking industry during global financial crisis: Flight to perceived quality or contagion?," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 36-45.
    5. repec:eee:asieco:v:50:y:2017:i:c:p:27-45 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Julián Caballero, 2012. "Do Surges in International Capital Inflows Influence the Likelihood of Banking Crises?: Cross-Country Evidence on Bonanzas in Capital Inflows and Bonanza-Boom-Bust Cycles," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 3971, Inter-American Development Bank.
    7. repec:eee:intfin:v:49:y:2017:i:c:p:32-47 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Lee, Chien-Chiang & Lin, Chun-Wei, 2016. "Globalization, political institutions, financial liberalization, and performance of the insurance industry," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 244-266.
    9. Julián Caballero, 2012. "Do Surges in International Capital Inflows Influence the Likelihood of Banking Crises?: Cross-Country Evidence on Bonanzas in Capital Inflows and Bonanza-Boom-Bust Cycles," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 3971, Inter-American Development Bank.
    10. Puspa Amri & Apanard P. Angkinand & Clas Wihlborg, 2011. "International comparisons of bank regulation, liberalization, and banking crises," Journal of Financial Economic Policy, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 3(4), pages 322-339, November.
    11. Christian E. Weller & Ghazal Zulfiqar, 2013. "Financial Market Diversity and Macroeconomic Stability," Working Papers wp332, Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
    12. Davide Furceri & Stéphanie Guichard & Elena Rusticelli, 2012. "Episodes of Large Capital Inflows, Banking and Currency Crises, and Sudden Stops," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 15(1), pages 1-35, April.
    13. Lee, Chien-Chiang & Lin, Chun-Wei & Zeng, Jhih-Hong, 2016. "Financial liberalization, insurance market, and the likelihood of financial crises," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 25-51.
    14. Boukef Jlassi, Nabila & Hamdi, Helmi & Joyce, Joseph, 2016. "External Liabilities, Domestic Institutions and Banking Crises in Developing Economies," MPRA Paper 81120, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 06 Apr 2017.
    15. Abdullahi Ahmed & Andrew Hulten, 2014. "Financial Globalization in Botswana and Nigeria: A Critique of the Thresholds Paradigm," The Review of Black Political Economy, Springer;National Economic Association, vol. 41(2), pages 177-203, June.
    16. Luo, Yun & Tanna, Sailesh & De Vita, Glauco, 2016. "Financial openness, risk and bank efficiency: Cross-country evidence," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 132-148.
    17. Hagen, Tobias, 2013. "Impact of national financial regulation on macroeconomic and fiscal performance after the 2007 financial shock: Econometric analyses based on cross-country data," Economics Discussion Papers 2013-26, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    18. Davide Furceri & Stéphanie Guichard & Elena Rusticelli, 2011. "Episodes of Large Capital Inflows and the Likelihood of Banking and Currency Crises and Sudden Stops," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 865, OECD Publishing.
    19. Hakimi Abdelaziz & Djelassi Mouldi & Hamdi Helmi, 2011. "Financial Liberalization and Banking Profitability: A Panel Data Analysis for Tunisian Banks," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 1(2), pages 19-32, June.
    20. Mikhail Stolbov, 2015. "Anatomy of international banking crises at the onset of the Great Recession," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 12(4), pages 553-569, October.
    21. Puspa D. Amri & Greg M. Richey & Thomas D. Willett, 2016. "Capital Surges and Credit Booms: How Tight is the Relationship?," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 27(4), pages 637-670, September.
    22. Miguel Angel Saldarriaga, 2017. "Credit Booms in Commodity Exporters," Working Papers 2017-98, Peruvian Economic Association.
    23. Hagen, Tobias, 2013. "Impact of national financial regulation on macroeconomic and fiscal performance after the 2007 financial stock: Econometric analyses based on cross-country data," Working Paper Series: Business and Law 02, Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Business and Law.

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