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Real Exchange Rate Dynamics in the Presence of Nontraded Goods and Transaction Costs


  • Inkoo LEE

    (Korea Institute for International Economic Policy)

  • Jonghyup SHIN


This paper studies the role of nontraded goods and transaction costs in accounting for the puzzling behavior of the real exchange rate. In particular, we develop a simple general equilibrium model and evaluate the quantitative performance of the model in replicating the dynamic properties of the real exchange rate. The simulation results show that introducing both the transaction costs and nontraded goods in an otherwise standard model dramatically improve its ability to rationalize observed real exchange rate dynamic properties. The benchmark model matches 95% of the persistence and 90% of the volatility of the real exchange rate. In addition, the sensitivity analysis shows that our model can rationalize more than 97% of both persistence and volatility of the real exchange rate. Our analysis suggests that the purchasing price parity puzzle can naturally arise in the presence of transaction costs and nontraded goods, even under the assumption of a flexible price market.

Suggested Citation

  • Inkoo LEE & Jonghyup SHIN, 2008. "Real Exchange Rate Dynamics in the Presence of Nontraded Goods and Transaction Costs," Finance Working Papers 21964, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:eab:financ:21964

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. James E. Anderson & Eric van Wincoop, 2004. "Trade Costs," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 42(3), pages 691-751, September.
    2. Hummels, David, 1999. "Toward a Geography of Trade Costs," GTAP Working Papers 1162, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University.
    3. V. V Chari & Patrick J. Kehoe & Ellen R. McGrattan, 2002. "Can Sticky Price Models Generate Volatile and Persistent Real Exchange Rates?," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 69(3), pages 533-563.
    4. Mario J. Crucini & Chris I. Telmer & Marios Zachariadis, 2005. "Understanding European Real Exchange Rates," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 95(3), pages 724-738, June.
    5. Sercu, Piet & Uppal, Raman & Van Hulle, Cynthia, 1995. " The Exchange Rate in the Presence of Transaction Costs: Implications for Tests of Purchasing Power Parity," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 50(4), pages 1309-1319, September.
    6. Crucini, Mario J. & Shintani, Mototsugu, 2008. "Persistence in law of one price deviations: Evidence from micro-data," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(3), pages 629-644, April.
    7. Maurice Obstfeld & Kenneth Rogoff, 2001. "The Six Major Puzzles in International Macroeconomics: Is There a Common Cause?," NBER Chapters,in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2000, Volume 15, pages 339-412 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Burstein, Ariel T. & Neves, Joao C. & Rebelo, Sergio, 2003. "Distribution costs and real exchange rate dynamics during exchange-rate-based stabilizations," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(6), pages 1189-1214, September.
    9. Betts, Caroline & Devereux, Michael B., 2000. "Exchange rate dynamics in a model of pricing-to-market," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 215-244, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. Fujisaki, Seiya, 2013. "Taylor rules and equilibrium determinacy in a two-country model with non-traded goods," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 597-603.
    2. Lee, Inkoo, 2010. "Geographic price dispersion in retail markets: Evidence from micro-data," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 1169-1177, December.
    3. Marina Glushenkova & Andros Kourtellos & Marios Zachariadis, 2016. "Barriers to price convergence," University of Cyprus Working Papers in Economics 02-2016, University of Cyprus Department of Economics.

    More about this item


    Real exchange rate; persistence; Volatility; nontraded goods; Transaction costs;

    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • F47 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications


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