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Der Einfluss der ‚Wende’ auf bildungsspezifische Fertilitätsunterschiede in Ostdeutschland

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  • Michaela Kreyenfeld

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)

Abstract

Auf Basis der Daten des Mikrozensus liefert dieser Artikel einen Überblick über den Einfluss der Bildung auf die Familiengründung in Ost- und Westdeutschland. Seit der Wende sind die bildungsspezifischen Unterschiede im Geburtenverhalten in Ost-deutschland größer geworden. Diese Differenzierung fällt jedoch für die jeweiligen Kohorten sehr unterschiedlich aus. Besonders die Kohorten 1966-1969 zeigen ein auffälliges Muster. Frauen dieser Jahrgänge, die einen POS-Abschluss hatten, haben meist noch zu DDR-Zeiten und damit relativ früh das erste Kind bekommen. Frauen mit einem Abitur haben nach der Wende – meist in einem relativ hohen Alter – eine Familie gegründet. Die Folge davon ist, dass die Wiedervereinigung die unterschiedlichen Bildungsgruppen zu unterschiedlichen Zeitpunkten in ihren Fertilitätskarrieren getroffen hat, was unmittelbar zu einer Zunahme der bil-dungsspezifischen Variationen im Erstgeburtverhalten geführt hat.

Suggested Citation

  • Michaela Kreyenfeld, 2006. "Der Einfluss der ‚Wende’ auf bildungsspezifische Fertilitätsunterschiede in Ostdeutschland," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2006-025, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:dem:wpaper:wp-2006-025
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    File URL: http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2006-025.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jan M. Hoem & Michaela Kreyenfeld, 2006. "Anticipatory analysis and its alternatives in life-course research," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 15(16), pages 461-484, November.
    2. Alan B. Krueger & Jorn-Steffen Pischke, 1995. "A Comparative Analysis of East and West German Labor Markets: Before and After Unification," NBER Chapters,in: Differences and Changes in Wage Structures, pages 405-446 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Richard B. Freeman & Lawrence F. Katz, 1995. "Differences and Changes in Wage Structures," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number free95-1.
    4. Siv Gustafsson, 2001. "Optimal age at motherhood. Theoretical and empirical considerations on postponement of maternity in Europe," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 14(2), pages 225-247.
    5. James W. Albrecht & Per-Anders Edin & Marianne Sundström & Susan B. Vroman, 1999. "Career Interruptions and Subsequent Earnings: A Reexamination Using Swedish Data," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 34(2), pages 294-311.
    6. Jan M. Hoem & Michaela Kreyenfeld, 2006. "Anticipatory analysis and its alternatives in life-course research," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 15(17), pages 485-498, November.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Germany; fertility;

    JEL classification:

    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General

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