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Efficient Estimation of Copula-based Semiparametric Markov Models




This paper considers efficient estimation of copula-based semiparametric strictly stationary Markov models. These models are characterized by nonparametric invariant (one-dimensional marginal) distributions and parametric bivariate copula functions; where the copulas capture temporal dependence and tail dependence of the processes. The Markov processes generated via tail dependent copulas may look highly persistent and are useful for financial and economic applications. We first show that Markov processes generated via Clayton, Gumbel and Student's $t$ copulas and their survival copulas are all geometrically ergodic. We then propose a sieve maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) for the copula parameter, the invariant distribution and the conditional quantiles. We show that the sieve MLEs of any smooth functionals are root-$n$ consistent, asymptotically normal and efficient; and that their sieve likelihood ratio statistics are asymptotically chi-square distributed. We present Monte Carlo studies to compare the finite sample performance of the sieve MLE, the two-step estimator of Chen and Fan (2006), the correctly specified parametric MLE and the incorrectly specified parametric MLE. The simulation results indicate that our sieve MLEs perform very well; having much smaller biases and smaller variances than the two-step estimator for Markov models generated via Clayton, Gumbel and other tail dependent copulas.

Suggested Citation

  • Xiaohong Chen & Wei Biao Wu & Yanping Yi, 2009. "Efficient Estimation of Copula-based Semiparametric Markov Models," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1691, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University, revised Mar 2009.
  • Handle: RePEc:cwl:cwldpp:1691

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Koenker, Roger & Xiao, Zhijie, 2006. "Quantile Autoregression," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 101, pages 980-990, September.
    2. Chen, Xiaohong & Fan, Yanqin, 2006. "Estimation of copula-based semiparametric time series models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 130(2), pages 307-335, February.
    3. Eric Bouye & Mark Salmon, 2009. "Dynamic copula quantile regressions and tail area dynamic dependence in Forex markets," The European Journal of Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(7-8), pages 721-750.
    4. Genest, C. & Werker, B.J.M., 2001. "Conditions for the asymptotic semiparametric efficiency of an omnibus estimator of dependence parameters in copula models," Other publications TiSEM b733c3f4-38d2-49aa-a2c7-4, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    5. Chen, Xiaohong & Fan, Yanqin & Tsyrennikov, Viktor, 2006. "Efficient Estimation of Semiparametric Multivariate Copula Models," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 101, pages 1228-1240, September.
    6. Andrew J. Patton, 2008. "Copula-Based Models for Financial Time Series," OFRC Working Papers Series 2008fe21, Oxford Financial Research Centre.
    7. Chunrong Ai & Xiaohong Chen, 2003. "Efficient Estimation of Models with Conditional Moment Restrictions Containing Unknown Functions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(6), pages 1795-1843, November.
    8. Xiaohong Chen & Xiaotong Shen, 1998. "Sieve Extremum Estimates for Weakly Dependent Data," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 66(2), pages 289-314, March.
    9. Chen, Jian & Peng, Liang & Zhao, Yichuan, 2009. "Empirical likelihood based confidence intervals for copulas," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 100(1), pages 137-151, January.
    10. Xiaotong Shen & Hsin-Cheng Huang & Jimmy Ye, 2004. "Inference After Model Selection," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 99, pages 751-762, January.
    11. Andrew J. Patton, 2006. "Modelling Asymmetric Exchange Rate Dependence," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 47(2), pages 527-556, May.
    12. Jianqing Fan & Jiancheng Jiang, 2007. "Nonparametric inference with generalized likelihood ratio tests," TEST: An Official Journal of the Spanish Society of Statistics and Operations Research, Springer;Sociedad de Estadística e Investigación Operativa, vol. 16(3), pages 409-444, December.
    13. Brendan K. Beare, 2010. "Copulas and Temporal Dependence," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 78(1), pages 395-410, January.
    14. Gao, Jiti, 2007. "Nonlinear time series: semiparametric and nonparametric methods," MPRA Paper 39563, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 01 Sep 2007.
    15. Xiaohong Chen & Roger Koenker & Zhijie Xiao, 2009. "Copula-based nonlinear quantile autoregression," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 12(s1), pages 50-67, January.
    16. Chen, Xiaohong, 2007. "Large Sample Sieve Estimation of Semi-Nonparametric Models," Handbook of Econometrics,in: J.J. Heckman & E.E. Leamer (ed.), Handbook of Econometrics, edition 1, volume 6, chapter 76 Elsevier.
    17. Nze, Patrick Ango & Doukhan, Paul, 2004. "Weak Dependence: Models And Applications To Econometrics," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 20(06), pages 995-1045, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Beare, Brendan K., 2012. "Archimedean Copulas And Temporal Dependence," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 28(06), pages 1165-1185, December.
    2. Brendan K. Beare, 2010. "Copulas and Temporal Dependence," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 78(1), pages 395-410, January.
    3. Overbeck Ludger & Schmidt Wolfgang M., 2015. "Multivariate Markov Families of Copulas," Dependence Modeling, De Gruyter Open, vol. 3(1), pages 1-13, October.
    4. Beatriz Vaz de Melo Mendes & Cecília Aíube, 2011. "Copula based models for serial dependence," International Journal of Managerial Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 7(1), pages 68-82, February.
    5. Beare, Brendan K. & Seo, Juwon, 2014. "Time Irreversible Copula-Based Markov Models," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 30(05), pages 923-960, October.
    6. Righi, Marcelo Brutti & Ceretta, Paulo Sergio, 2013. "Estimating non-linear serial and cross-interdependence between financial assets," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 837-846.
    7. Oleg Sokolinskiy & Dick van Dijk, 2011. "Forecasting Volatility with Copula-Based Time Series Models," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 11-125/4, Tinbergen Institute.
    8. Demian Pouzo, 2015. "On the Non-Asymptotic Properties of Regularized M-estimators," Papers 1512.06290,, revised Oct 2016.
    9. Chen, Xiaohong & Liao, Zhipeng & Sun, Yixiao, 2014. "Sieve inference on possibly misspecified semi-nonparametric time series models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 178(P3), pages 639-658.
    10. Elena Di Bernardino & Didier Rullière, 2016. "On tail dependence coefficients of transformed multivariate Archimedean copulas," Post-Print hal-00992707, HAL.
    11. Rub'en Loaiza-Maya & Michael S. Smith & Worapree Maneesoonthorn, 2017. "Time Series Copulas for Heteroskedastic Data," Papers 1701.07152,
    12. Longla, Martial & Peligrad, Magda, 2012. "Some aspects of modeling dependence in copula-based Markov chains," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 111(C), pages 234-240.
    13. Jeffrey Racine, 2015. "Mixed data kernel copulas," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 48(1), pages 37-59, February.
    14. Brendan K. Beare & Juwon Seo, 2015. "Vine Copula Specifications for Stationary Multivariate Markov Chains," Journal of Time Series Analysis, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 36(2), pages 228-246, March.
    15. Dennis Kristensen, 2009. "Semiparametric Modelling and Estimation: A Selective Overview," CREATES Research Papers 2009-44, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
    16. Patton, Andrew J., 2012. "A review of copula models for economic time series," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 110(C), pages 4-18.
    17. Patton, Andrew, 2013. "Copula Methods for Forecasting Multivariate Time Series," Handbook of Economic Forecasting, Elsevier.

    More about this item


    Copula; Tail dependence; Nonlinear Markov models; Geometric ergodicity; Sieve MLE; Semiparametric efficiency; Sieve likelihood ratio statistics; Value-at-Risk;

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes

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