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Time Use and Gender in Colombia


  • B. Piedad Urdinola
  • Jorge A. Tovar

    (Universidad Nacional de Colombia-Bogotá
    Associate Professor)


National Transfer Accounts’ (NTA) overt link to the System of National Accounts means that non-market services are rendered invisible in our conventional estimates of the generational economy. This is particularly problematic from the perspective of gender analyses of NTAs, since women allocate more time to producing non-market services than men. Thus, our assessment of the generational economy using gender-disaggregated NTAs may be misleading, particularly with respect to patterns of dependency. This paper applies the National Time Transfer Accounts (NTTA) methodology to South African data for 2000 to integrate estimates of household production into the gender-disaggregated NTAs to derive profiles of total economy production and consumption. The results value household production at 29.8 percent of GDP, while revealing significant gender specialisation in productive activities across the lifecycle. The total consumption of young children is found to be 2.0 to 4.5 times their market consumption, a fact that has important implications in terms of understanding decisions around fertility and for policy aimed at increasing women’s economic participation.

Suggested Citation

  • B. Piedad Urdinola & Jorge A. Tovar, 2018. "Time Use and Gender in Colombia," Working Papers cwwwp5, University of Cape Town, Development Policy Research Unit.
  • Handle: RePEc:ctw:wpaper:cwwwp5

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Elena Stancanelli & Arthur Van Soest, 2012. "Retirement and Home Production: A Regression Discontinuity Approach," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 102(3), pages 600-605, May.
    2. Lili Vargha & Róbert Iván Gál & Michelle O. Crosby-Nagy, 2017. "Household production and consumption over the life cycle: National Time Transfer Accounts in 14 European countries," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 36(32), pages 905-944.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ana María Iregui-Bohórquez & Ligia Alba Melo-Becerra & María Teresa Ramírez-Giraldo & Ana María Tribín-Uribe, 2020. "The path to gender equality in Colombia: Are we there yet?," Borradores de Economia 1131, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

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    time distribution; gender; Colombia; National Transfer Accounts;
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