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Les déterminants de la mobilisation des "gilets jaunes"


  • Pierre C. Boyer

    (CREST, École Polytechnique, France)

  • Thomas Delemotte

    (CREST, ENSAE, France)

  • Germain Gauthier

    (CREST, École Polytechnique, France)

  • Vincent Rollet

    (CREST, École Polytechnique, France)

  • Benoît Schmutz

    (CREST, École Polytechnique, France)


Cet article présente les résultats d'une étude sur les territoires dont sont originaires les "gilets jaunes". Dès le premier samedi de mobilisation le 17 novembre 2018, ce mouvement se démarque par son caractère local et sa couverture nationale. A partir de données inédites de la mobilisation sur Facebook, nous montrons une forte corrélation entre mobilisation online (sur Facebook) et o ine (blocages des ronds-points). Nous réalisons alors une cartographie ne et contrastée de la contestation. L'étude économétrique met en évidence le rôle de la mobilité pour expliquer les origines du mouvement, au travers notamment du passage des routes à 80km/h et des distances domicile-travail.

Suggested Citation

  • Pierre C. Boyer & Thomas Delemotte & Germain Gauthier & Vincent Rollet & Benoît Schmutz, 2019. "Les déterminants de la mobilisation des "gilets jaunes"," Working Papers 2019-06, Center for Research in Economics and Statistics, revised 26 Jul 2019.
  • Handle: RePEc:crs:wpaper:2019-06

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Algan, Yann & Beasley, Elizabeth & Cohen, Daniel & Foucault, Martial & Péron, Madeleine, 2019. "Qui sont les Gilets jaunes et leurs soutiens ?," Notes de l'Observatoire du bien-être 1903, CEPREMAP.
    2. Clément Malgouyres, 2017. "The Impact Of Chinese Import Competition On The Local Structure Of Employment And Wages: Evidence From France," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(3), pages 411-441, June.
    3. repec:hal:spmain:info:hdl:2441/63df2gp5gr8agbbsoc8l9f6rpg is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Ruben Enikolopov & Alexey Makarin & Maria Petrova, 2020. "Social Media and Protest Participation: Evidence From Russia," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 88(4), pages 1479-1514, July.
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    Cited by:

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    2. Pierre C. Boyer & Thomas Delemotte & Germain Gauthier & Vincent Rollet & Benoît Schmutz, 2020. "Social Media and the Dynamics of Protests," CESifo Working Paper Series 8326, CESifo.
    3. Viguié, Vincent & Liotta, Charlotte & Pfeiffer, Basile & Coulombel, Nicolas, 2023. "Can public transport improve accessibility for the poor over the long term? Empirical evidence in Paris, 1968–2010," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 106(C).
    4. Clémence Tricaud, 2021. "Better Alone? Evidence on the Costs of Intermunicipal Cooperation," Post-Print halshs-03243307, HAL.
    5. Clémence Tricaud, 2021. "Vaut-il mieux rester isolé?Analyse des coûts liés à la coopération intercommunale," Post-Print halshs-03243297, HAL.
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    7. Pedro Ramaciotti Morales & Jean-Philippe Cointet & Caterina Froio, 2022. "Posters and protesters," Journal of Computational Social Science, Springer, vol. 5(2), pages 1129-1157, November.
    8. Hamza Bennani & Pauline Gandré & Benjamin Monnery, 2020. "Les déterminants locaux de la participation numérique au grand débat national : une analyse économétrique," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 71(4), pages 715-737.
    9. Rohan Dutta & David K Levine & Salvatore Modica, 2022. "Interventions with Sticky Social Norms: A Critique," Journal of the European Economic Association, European Economic Association, vol. 20(1), pages 39-78.

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    More about this item


    Gilets jaunes ; manifestation ; économie urbaine ; mobilisation réseaux sociaux.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • J40 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - General
    • J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General
    • J80 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - General
    • C83 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Survey Methods; Sampling Methods

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