IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/cri/cespri/wp149.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Rischi e opportunità dell’integrazione commerciale cinese per la competitività internazionale dell'Italia

Author

Listed:
  • Alessia Amighini

    (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD))

  • Stefano Chiarlone

    (UniCredit Banca d'Impresa, Milano)

Abstract

Negli ultimi vent'anni, l'apertura commerciale delle economie dell'Asia orientale – con abbondanza relativa di lavoro - ha eroso il vantaggio comparato dei paesi a reddito medio-alto nei manufatti ad alta intensità di lavoro. Questo fenomeno ha colpito particolarmente l’Italia, notoriamente specializzata in produzioni intensive in lavoro e soggette alla competizione di prezzo dei paesi emergenti. Recentemente, l'adozione da parte della Cina di strategie di sviluppo più orientate all'esportazione ha accentuato le preoccupazioni sull’anomala specializzazione italiana e sulla sua difficoltà a competere sul terreno del prezzo con questi paesi. Infatti, la Cina tende ad essere fortemente specializzata negli stessi settori che caratterizzano il Made in Italy e ha fortemente accresciuto la sua quota sul commercio manifatturiero. Una comune risposta a queste preoccupazioni è quella secondo cui le merci italiane sono di qualità superiore a quelle cinesi. Questo lavoro ana lizza in dettaglio le importazioni dei paesi OCSE da Italia e Cina per testare questa ipotesi. L’articolo mostra che la specializzazione cinese, su questi mercati, è molto simile a quella italiana, ma anche che in molti casi non si verifica una effettiva sovrapposizione commerciale a livello di prodotto. Quando questo avviene la qualità delle importazioni dall’Italia è sensibilmente superiore. Tuttavia, il fatto che la sovrapposizione commerciale aumenti e la percentuale di flussi commerciali in cui i manufatti italiani hanno qualità superiore diminuisca, per l’aggregato manifatturiero e per molti settori, fra il 1991 e il 2001, suggerisce che l’aggressività della competizione cinese è crescente. Urge un aumento degli investimenti in qualità e innovazione – di prodotto e di reti distributive - per mantenere il vantaggio qualitativo nei confronti dei prodotti cinesi nei settori tradizionali. Inoltre, anche alla luce delle indicazioni che emergono da alcuni settori più avanzati, sarebbe auspicabile un riposizionamento del modello di specializzazione italiano verso comparti a più elevata componente di innovazione e ricerca.

Suggested Citation

  • Alessia Amighini & Stefano Chiarlone, 2003. "Rischi e opportunità dell’integrazione commerciale cinese per la competitività internazionale dell'Italia," KITeS Working Papers 149, KITeS, Centre for Knowledge, Internationalization and Technology Studies, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy, revised Nov 2003.
  • Handle: RePEc:cri:cespri:wp149
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: ftp://ftp.unibocconi.it/pub/RePEc/cri/papers/WP149ChiarloneAmighini.pdf
    Download Restriction: no
    ---><---

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Matteo Bugamelli, 2001. "Il modello di specializzazione internazionale dell'Italia e dei principali paesi europei: omogeneit� e convergenza," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 402, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    2. Andrea Brasili & Paolo Epifani & Rodolfo Helg, 1999. "On the dynamics of trade patterns," LIUC Papers in Economics 61, Cattaneo University (LIUC).
    3. Wood, Adrian, 1997. "Openness and Wage Inequality in Developing Countries: The Latin American Challenge to East Asian Conventional Wisdom," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 11(1), pages 33-57, January.
    4. Lionel Fontagné & Michaël Freudenberg, 1997. "Intra-Industry Trade: Methodological Issues Reconsidered," Working Papers 1997-01, CEPII research center.
    5. Greenaway, David & Torstensson, Johan, 2000. "Economic Geography, Comparative Advantage and Trade within Industries: Evidence from the OECD," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 15, pages 260-280.
    6. Ianchovichina, Elena, 2001. "Trade Liberalization in China’s Accession to WTO," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 16, pages 421-445.
    7. David Greenaway & Robert Hine & Chris Milner, 1994. "Country-specific factors and the pattern of horizontal and vertical intra-industry trade in the UK," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 130(1), pages 77-100, March.
    8. Flam, Harry & Helpman, Elhanan, 1987. "Vertical Product Differentiation and North-South Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(5), pages 810-822, December.
    9. Aturupane, Chonira & Djankov, Simeon & Hoekman, Bernard, 1997. "Determinants of intra-industry trade between East and West Europe," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1850, The World Bank.
    10. Alessandro Turrini, 2000. "High-quality bias in vertically differentiated oligopolies—a note on skills, trade, and welfare," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 71(2), pages 133-147, June.
    11. Krugman, Paul R., 1979. "Increasing returns, monopolistic competition, and international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 469-479, November.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Alessia Amighini, 2005. "China in the international fragmentation of production: Evidence from the ICT industry," European Journal of Comparative Economics, Cattaneo University (LIUC), vol. 2(2), pages 203-219, December.
    2. Ricotta, Fernanda & Mannarino, Lidia & Pupo, Valeria & Succurro, Marianna, 2008. "Export quality in the machinery sector: Some evidence from main competitors," MPRA Paper 12677, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Mannarino, Lidia & Pupo, Valeria & Ricotta, Fernanda & Succurro, Marianna, 2009. "International Specialisation and Quality Focus on the Machinery Sector," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato Agricoltura di Genova, vol. 62(4), pages 439-468.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Jose Caetano & Aurora Galego, 2007. "In Search for the Determinants of Intra-Industry Trade within an Enlarged Europe," South-Eastern Europe Journal of Economics, Association of Economic Universities of South and Eastern Europe and the Black Sea Region, vol. 5(2), pages 163-183.
    2. Pittiglio, Rosanna, 2009. "The Intra-industry Trade for a Highincome Country: New Empirical Evidence for Italy," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato Agricoltura di Genova, vol. 62(2), pages 233-254.
    3. Aggarwal, Sakshi & Chakraborty, Debashis, 2017. "Determinants of India’s Bilateral Intra-Industry Trade over 2001-15: Empirical Results," MPRA Paper 78020, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Alessia Amighini & Stefano Chiarlone, 2004. "Risk of the Chinese trade integration for the Italian trade specialisation," LIUC Papers in Economics 150, Cattaneo University (LIUC).
    5. Sylvie MONTOUT & Jean-Louis MUCCHIELLI & Soledad ZIGNAGO, 2002. "Regionalization And Intra-Industry Trade. An Analysis Of Automobile Industry Trade In Nafta," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 16, pages 137-159.
    6. Michaël Freudenberg & Françoise Lemoine, 1999. "Central and Eastern European Countries in the International Division of Labour in Europe," Working Papers 1999-05, CEPII research center.
    7. Vogiatzoglou, Klimis, 2005. "Varieties or Qualities? Horizontal and Vertical Intra-industry Trade within the NAFTA Trade Bloc," Estey Centre Journal of International Law and Trade Policy, Estey Centre for Law and Economics in International Trade, vol. 6(2), pages 1-13.
    8. Isabel Proença & Horácio Faustino, 2015. "Modelling bilateral intra-industry trade indexes with panel data: a semiparametric approach," Computational Statistics, Springer, vol. 30(3), pages 865-884, September.
    9. Juliette Milgram Baleix & Ana I Moro-Egido, "undated". "Trade types with developed and developing countries. What can we learn from Spanish data?," Working Papers on International Economics and Finance 05-06, FEDEA.
    10. Horácio Faustino & Nuno Leitão, 2007. "Intra-Industry Trade: A Static and Dynamic Panel Data Analysis," International Advances in Economic Research, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 13(3), pages 313-333, August.
    11. Masoud Nonejad, 2012. "Measuring Goods Quality in Iran’s Intra- Industry Trade with G-8 Member States," Journal of Economics and Behavioral Studies, AMH International, vol. 4(6), pages 344-353.
    12. Ando, Mitsuyo, 2006. "Fragmentation and vertical intra-industry trade in East Asia," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 257-281, December.
    13. Lionel Fontagné & Michael Frudenberg & Nicolas Péridy, 1998. "Commerce international et structures de marché : une vérification empirique," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 135(4), pages 147-167.
    14. Yushi Yoshida & Nuno Carlos Leitão & Horácio Faustino, 2009. "Vertical Intra-Industry Trade and Foreign Direct Investment between Japan and European Countries," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 37(4), pages 351-365, December.
    15. Stefano Chiarlone, 2001. "Evidence of Product Differentiation and Relative Quality in Italian Trade," Rivista italiana degli economisti, Società editrice il Mulino, issue 2, pages 147-168.
    16. repec:kap:iaecre:v:16:y:2010:i:3:p:311-324 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Imre Fertő & Szilárd Podruzsik & Jeremiás Balogh, 2016. "Intra-industry trade in the wine sector in the enlarged European Union," Review of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Studies, Springer, vol. 97(3), pages 159-172, November.
    18. Algieri, Bernadina, 2004. "Trade specialisation patterns : the case of Russia," BOFIT Discussion Papers 19/2004, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    19. Levkovych, Inna, 2011. "Der ukrainische Außenhandel mit Produkten der Agrar- und Ernährungswirtschaft: Eine quantitative Analyse aus Sicht traditioneller und neuer Außenhandelstheorien," Studies on the Agricultural and Food Sector in Transition Economies, Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO), volume 59, number 109520, June.
    20. Bellino Antonella & Celi Giuseppe, 2016. "The Role of Migration in the Variety and Quality of Trade: Evidence from Germany," German Economic Review, De Gruyter, vol. 17(1), pages 1-25, February.
    21. Frahan, Bruno Henry de & Tharakan, Joe, 1998. "Horizontal And Vertical Intra-Industry Trade In The Processed Food Sector," 1998 Annual meeting, August 2-5, Salt Lake City, UT 20903, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    commercio internazionale; esportazioni; specializzazione internazionale; competitività; Italia; Cina.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • P51 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Analysis of Economic Systems
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cri:cespri:wp149. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: http://www.kites.unibocconi.it/ .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Valerio Sterzi The email address of this maintainer does not seem to be valid anymore. Please ask Valerio Sterzi to update the entry or send us the correct address (email available below). General contact details of provider: http://www.kites.unibocconi.it/ .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.