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What Shapes Players? Performance in Soccer? Empirical Findings from a Panel Analysis

  • Benno Torgler
  • Sascha Schmidt

In this paper we investigate the pay-performance relationship of soccer players using individual data from eight seasons of the German soccer league Bundesliga. The results of our panel analysis show that not only the absolute income level, but also the relative income position affects players? performances. We also find the tendency of a non-linear effect. Finally, the paper investigates the performance impact of team effects. Our analysis provides evidence of a direct impact of teammates? attributes on individual player performance

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Paper provided by Center for Research in Economics, Management and the Arts (CREMA) in its series CREMA Working Paper Series with number 2005-25.

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Date of creation: Aug 2005
Date of revision: Jan 2006
Handle: RePEc:cra:wpaper:2005-25
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  14. Pedro Garcia-del-Barrio & Francesc Pujol, 2004. "Pay and Performance in the Spanish Soccer League: Who Gets the Expected Monopsony Rents?," Faculty Working Papers 05/04, School of Economics and Business Administration, University of Navarra.
  15. Andrew S. Zimbalist, 2002. "Competitive Balance in Sports Leagues: An Introduction," Journal of Sports Economics, The North American Association of Sports Economists, vol. 3(2), pages 111-121, May.
  16. Idson, Todd L & Kahane, Leo H, 2000. "Team Effects on Compensation: An Application to Salary Determination in the National Hockey League," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 38(2), pages 345-57, April.
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