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What Shapes Players? Performance in Soccer? Empirical Findings from a Panel Analysis

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  • Benno Torgler
  • Sascha Schmidt

Abstract

In this paper we investigate the pay-performance relationship of soccer players using individual data from eight seasons of the German soccer league Bundesliga. The results of our panel analysis show that not only the absolute income level, but also the relative income position affects players? performances. We also find the tendency of a non-linear effect. Finally, the paper investigates the performance impact of team effects. Our analysis provides evidence of a direct impact of teammates? attributes on individual player performance

Suggested Citation

  • Benno Torgler & Sascha Schmidt, 2005. "What Shapes Players? Performance in Soccer? Empirical Findings from a Panel Analysis," CREMA Working Paper Series 2005-25, Center for Research in Economics, Management and the Arts (CREMA), revised Jan 2006.
  • Handle: RePEc:cra:wpaper:2005-25
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    soccer; sport economics; performance; salary; positional concerns; team effects;

    JEL classification:

    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J44 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Professional Labor Markets and Occupations
    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism

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