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Government Purchases and the Real Exchange Rate

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  • Kollmann, Robert

Abstract

Recent empirical research documents that an exogenous rise in government purchases in a given country triggers a persistent depreciation of its real exchange rate - which raises an important puzzle, as standard macro models predict an appreciation of the real exchange rate. This paper presents a simple model with limited international risk sharing that can account for the empirical real exchange rate response. When faced with a country-specific rise in government purchases, local households experience a negative wealth effect; they thus work harder, and domestic output increases. Under balanced trade (financial autarky) this supply-side effect is so strong that the terms of trade worsen, and the real exchange rate depreciates. In a bonds-only economy, an increase in government purchases triggers a real exchange rate depreciation, if the rise in government purchases is sufficiently persistent and/or labor supply is highly elastic.

Suggested Citation

  • Kollmann, Robert, 2009. "Government Purchases and the Real Exchange Rate," CEPR Discussion Papers 7427, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:7427
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    Cited by:

    1. Bouakez, Hafedh & Eyquem, Aurélien, 2015. "Government spending, monetary policy, and the real exchange rate," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 178-201.
    2. A. S. Benetrix & P. R. Lane, 2013. "Fiscal Shocks and the Real Exchange Rate," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 9(3), pages 6-37, September.
    3. repec:cje:issued:v:50:y:2017:i:3:p:685-710 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Giancarlo Corsetti & André Meier & Gernot J. Müller, 2012. "What determines government spending multipliers?," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 27(72), pages 521-565, October.
    5. Marie-Pierre HORY & Grégory LEVIEUGE & Daria ONORI, 2018. "Foreign currency denominated debt and the fiscal multiplier," LEO Working Papers / DR LEO 2583, Orleans Economics Laboratory / Laboratoire d'Economie d'Orleans (LEO), University of Orleans.
    6. Kollmann, Robert & Ratto, Marco & Roeger, Werner & in′t Veld, Jan, 2013. "Fiscal policy, banks and the financial crisis," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 37(2), pages 387-403.
    7. Marco Riguzzi & Philipp Wegmueller, 2015. "Economic Openness and Fiscal Multipliers," Diskussionsschriften dp1504, Universitaet Bern, Departement Volkswirtschaft.
    8. Hyuk Rhee & Nurlan Turdaliev, 2012. "Targeting Rules for an Open Economy," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 23(3), pages 447-471, July.
    9. Kim, Soyoung, 2015. "Country characteristics and the effects of government consumption shocks on the current account and real exchange rate," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 97(2), pages 436-447.
    10. Makin, Anthony J. & Ratnasiri, Shyama, 2015. "Competitiveness and government expenditure: The Australian example," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 154-161.
    11. repec:taf:intecj:v:31:y:2017:i:1:p:1-35 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. David Fielding, 2011. "New Zealand: The Last Bastion of Textbook Open-Economy Macroeconomics," Working Papers 1105, University of Otago, Department of Economics, revised Jun 2011.
    13. Marialuz Moreno Badia & Alex Segura-Ubiergo, 2014. "Real Exchange Rate Appreciation in Emerging Markets; Can Fiscal Policy Help?," IMF Working Papers 14/1, International Monetary Fund.
    14. Laura Povoledo, 2017. "Modelling the sectoral allocation of labour in open economy models," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 50(3), pages 685-710, August.
    15. Giorgio Di Giorgio & Salvatore Nisticò & Guido Traficante, 2015. "Government spending and the exchange rate," Working Papers 4/15, Sapienza University of Rome, DISS.
    16. Nicola Acocella, "undated". "The theoretical roots of EMU institutions and policies during the crisis," Working Papers 126/14, Sapienza University of Rome, Metodi e modelli per l'economia, il territorio e la finanza MEMOTEF.
    17. repec:eee:reveco:v:54:y:2018:i:c:p:55-73 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Anthony J. Makin, 2013. "The policy (in)effectiveness of government spending in a dependent economy," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(3), pages 287-301, September.
    19. Nicola Acocella, "undated". "A tale of two cities: exit policies in Washington and Frankfurt," Working Papers 117/13, Sapienza University of Rome, Metodi e modelli per l'economia, il territorio e la finanza MEMOTEF.
    20. repec:eee:reveco:v:53:y:2018:i:c:p:57-70 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    government purchases; limited international risk sharing; real exchange rate;

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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