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Outward Investment, Employment and Wages in Swedish Multinationals

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  • Blomström, Magnus
  • Kokko, Ari

Abstract

Examining detailed data on Swedish MNCs during the period 1986-1994, this paper shows that there are signs of very notable structural changes in the home country operations of these corporations. It also shows that the character of these changes varies according to economic conditions in the home country. In the 1980s, when the Swedish economy was characterized as having high taxes, high inflation rates, and a tight labour market, relatively attractive jobs within the MNCs were relocated from Swedish plants to foreign affiliates. In the 1990s, by contrast, when the financial crisis had necessitated a host of micro and macroeconomic reforms, the location decisions of the MNCs were more favourable for the Swedish economy. The new jobs created by the MNCs were found in activities with relatively high productivity and wages. This suggests that the home country effects of FDI are, to a large extent, determined by the home country’s economic environment.

Suggested Citation

  • Blomström, Magnus & Kokko, Ari, 2000. "Outward Investment, Employment and Wages in Swedish Multinationals," CEPR Discussion Papers 2524, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:2524
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Blomstrom, Magnus & Fors, Gunnar & Lipsey, Robert E, 1997. "Foreign Direct Investment and Employment: Home Country Experience in the United States and Sweden," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 107(445), pages 1787-1797, November.
    2. Froot, Kenneth A. (ed.), 1994. "Foreign Direct Investment," National Bureau of Economic Research Books, University of Chicago Press, number 9780226266213.
    3. Magnus Blomstrom & Robert E. Lipsey & Ksenia Kulchycky, 1988. "U.S. and Swedish Direct Investment and Exports," NBER Chapters,in: Trade Policy Issues and Empirical Analysis, pages 257-302 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. repec:hhs:iuiwop:490 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Gunnar Fors & Ari Kokko, 2001. "Home-Country Effects of FDI: Foreign Production and Structural Change in Home-Country Operations," NBER Chapters,in: Topics in Empirical International Economics: A Festschrift in Honor of Robert E. Lipsey, pages 137-162 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Magnus Blomstrom & Robert E. Lipsey & Lennart Ohlsson, 1989. "What Do Rich Countries Trade with Each Other? R&D and the Composition of U.S. and Swedish Trade," NBER Working Papers 3140, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Roger Svensson, 1996. "Effects of overseas production on home country exports: Evidence based on Swedish multinationals," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 132(2), pages 304-329, September.
    8. Magnus Blomstrom & Linda S. Goldberg, 2001. "Topics in Empirical International Economics: A Festschrift in Honor of Robert E. Lipsey," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number blom01-1.
    9. Blomström, Magnus & Kokko, Ari, 1994. "Home Country Effects of Foreign Direct Investment: Evidence from Sweden," CEPR Discussion Papers 931, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Tain-Jy Chen & Ying-Hua Ku, 2003. "The Effects of Overseas Investment on Domestic Employment," NBER Working Papers 10156, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Rosario Crinò, 2007. "Offshoring, Multinationals and Labor Market: A Review of the Empirical Literature," KITeS Working Papers 196, KITeS, Centre for Knowledge, Internationalization and Technology Studies, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy, revised Jan 2007.
    3. Noel Gaston & Ahmed M. Khalid, 2010. "Globalization and Integration in the Asia-Pacific: Prospects and Risks," Chapters,in: Globalization and Economic Integration, chapter 1 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    4. Ludo Cuyvers & Michel Dumont & Glenn Rayp & Katrien Stevens, 2005. "Home Employment Effects of EU Firms’ Activities in Central and Eastern European Countries," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 16(2), pages 153-174, April.
    5. Frank Barry, 2002. "A note on transfer pricing and the R&D intensity of Irish manufacturing," Working Papers 200230, School of Economics, University College Dublin.
    6. Andrea Elteto & Katalin Antaloczy, 2002. "Outward foreign direct investment in Hungary - motivations and effects," IWE Working Papers 125, Institute for World Economics - Centre for Economic and Regional Studies- Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
    7. Frank Barry & Holger Gorg & Andrew Mcdowell, 2003. "Outward FDI and the Investment Development Path of a Late-industrializing Economy: Evidence from Ireland," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(4), pages 341-349.
    8. Barry, Frank & Walsh, Frank, 2008. "Gains and losses from sectoral relocation: A review of theory and empirics," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 4-16, March.
    9. Naveen Rai & Lena Suchanek & Maria Bernier, 2018. "Does Outward Foreign Investment Matter for Canadian Productivity? Evidence from Greenfield Investments," Staff Working Papers 18-31, Bank of Canada.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Employment; FDI; Wages;

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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