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Migration-Induced Redistribution with and without migrant voting

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  • Razin, Assaf
  • Sadka, Efraim

Abstract

We are motivated by the unique migration experience of Israel of a supply-side shock triggering skilled immigration and the concurrent decline in welfare-state redistribution. This paper develops a model, which can provide an explanation for the mechanism through which a supply-side shock triggering high-skill migration can also reshape the political-economy balance and the redistributive policies. The paper highlights the differences in the political-economy induced redistribution policies between the cases in which migrants participate in the electoral system and the case where they do not. When migrants are allowed to vote, and they take advantage of this right, then, following the shock, all income groups gain, except low skilled income groups who lose. When migrants are not allowed to vote, or choose not to participate in elections, all income groups gain, except the skilled migrants who lose.

Suggested Citation

  • Razin, Assaf & Sadka, Efraim, 2017. "Migration-Induced Redistribution with and without migrant voting," CEPR Discussion Papers 12175, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:12175
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Assaf Razin & Efraim Sadka & Phillip Swagel, 2002. "The Aging Population and the Size of the Welfare State," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 110(4), pages 900-918, August.
    2. Razin, Assaf & Sadka, Efraim & Swagel, Phillip, 2002. "Tax burden and migration: a political economy theory and evidence," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(2), pages 167-190, August.
    3. Phillip L Swagel & Efraim Sadka & Assaf Razin, 2002. "The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State," IMF Working Papers 02/68, International Monetary Fund.
    4. Razin, Assaf & Sadka, Efraim & Suwankiri, Benjarong, 2011. "Migration and the Welfare State: Political-Economy Policy Formation," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262016109, January.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    high skill migration; voting turnout; Welfare state;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • H1 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government

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